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Rettung aus dem Osten!? – Chinas Hilfsangebot in der EU-Schuldenkrise

Die europäische Schuldenkrise geht in immer neue Runden. Viele Staatshaushalte stehen tief in den roten Zahlen. Wer könnte nun aber der geduldige Investor für Europas Schuldenstaaten sein? Das Geld muss von außen kommen. In den Wachstums- und Rohstoffregionen der Erde haben sich gewaltige Vermögensmassen gebildet, die nach Anlage suchen. Einige dieser Länder, vorneweg die Chinesische Volksrepublik, haben auch schon die Bereitschaft erklärt, zu Hilfe zu kommen.

Lesen Sie weiter im Leitartikel des Wirtschaftsdienst 10/2011

Internationale Markteintrittsstrategien von Klein- und Mittelunternehmen

Globalisierung, Internet und sinkende Marktbarrieren eröffnen mittelständischen Anbietern neue Wachstumschancen. Oft erfordert die Internationalisierung bedeutender Kunden den Aufbau eines Auslandsgeschäftes. Entscheidend für den Erfolg von Investitionen im Ausland ist die Wahl einer optimalen Markteintrittsstrategie.

Global Governance

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2011

The need to manage systemic global risks and to promote global social goods requires better global governance. The accountability of national leaders to their citizens is often in conflict with the need to act in the global public interest. This tension is apparent in problems as diverse as the recent global financial crisis and problems involving climate change, fresh water scarcity, and ocean acidification. In the aftermath of great crises in the past, conferences such as Vienna (1815), Bretton Woods and San Francisco (1944–45) and Paris (1951) established shared normative frameworks that reflected prevailing values, and served to order the systems defining aspects of the international environment for many decades. Some suggest that the challenges facing us today, and the risk of a looming tragedy of the commons, cry out for a similar effort.

Reduzierung von Wasserverschwendung und Abfall in Megastädten

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2011

The United Nations estimate that the number of megacities with a population of more than 10 million will triple from 20 in 2003 to 61 in 2015. In regard to future trends, it is estimated that 93 percent of urban growth will occur in developing nations, with 80 percent of urban growth occurring in Asia and Africa. Mega-urban societies are constantly being challenged by complex problems, leading to the emergence of new and multifaceted social, economic and political organization forms. Even without the anticipated growth, cities are facing problems with the provision of essential services such as accessible and affordable water supply and waste management leading to subsequently risks of negative health and environmental impacts. Consequently, water and waste footprints of cities are enormous, but also inherit a large potential for providing resources through recycling.

Mobilisierung von privatem Kapital für notwendigen Infrastrukturbedarf

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2011

The world may be on the cusp of an era of enormous capital investments. This boom will be driven by growth in emerging markets as well as the need to replace and repair part of the capital stock in developed countries. Demand for sustainable infrastructure in the broadest sense will be particularly high and come at a time where strained public balance sheets call for austerity and will leave little room for public investment programs. This leads to the question how long-term capital (from private and sovereign sources) can be mobilized in the most effective way to achieve public policy objectives and meet citizens’ needs.

Identifizierung und Verhinderung von zukünftigen Sicherheitsrisiken

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2011

The last decade has clearly demonstrated that the nature of threats and challenges for international security has changed significantly. Structural threats like terrorism, cyber-attacks, and nuclear proliferation have created an entirely new security environment. The national states’ monopoly on using force is eroding, state-boundaries have lost much of their importance, and private actors become increasingly powerful in international security. History has demonstrated that many security threats would have never grown into a full-fledged problem, if they would have been identified and addressed at an earlier stage. Today, leaders and societies have to act as early as possible to reduce the probability that well-known (and lesser known) risks develop their potential of turning into serious threats for regional or even global security. Identifying realistic potential scenarios where terrorism, insurgency, nuclear proliferation, or cyber-attacks could evolve from an abstract and hypothetical menace to a real and severe problem and seeking tangible solutions for prevention are key challenges.

Gehören arme Kinder in Entwicklungsländern zu den Globalisierungsgewinnern oder -verlierern?

Die Globalisierungskritik scheint momentan völlig verstummt zu sein. Offenbar hat das Thema Atomkraft alles verdrängt oder es hat sich in Deutschland rumgesprochen, dass wir aufgrund unserer Exportstärke zu den Globalisierungsgewinnern gehören und die deutsche Konjunktur brummt wie  lange nicht mehr. Bleibt noch der Einwand, dass Globalisierung die Menschen in Schwellen- und Entwicklungsländern ausbeutet.

Nachhaltige Entwicklung und Global Governance

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2010

The following global developments are on collision course: (1) the surge in global population, currently expected to reach 8.9 billion by 2049, up from just 2.5 billion a century earlier, (2) rising demands for higher and more diversified consumption, fuelled by economic success and the celebration of wealth, (3) the rapid and accelerating destruction of our inherited natural capital (ground water, marine life, terrestrial biodiversity, crop- and grazing land and our life-enabling atmosphere) and (4) deepening pockets of poverty, rapidly growing urban slums, collapsing states and uncontrolled migration, heightening the risk of new pandemics. The increasing tension between rising populations, with expanding needs and desires, and the limited, falling stock of natural capital is not sustainable. Most new population growth will occur among the very poor, moreover, in remote rural areas and shantytowns around huge cities. Problems of ungovernability, terrorism and new migratory waves are foreseeable. The collapse of weak states will sharpen political and cultural tensions and deepen poverty. The interconnectedness of the global economy means that, according to the principle of subsidiarity, the lowest level of organization at which the spillovers can be addressed is the supranational level.

Befriedigung der zunehmenden weltweiten Lebensmittelnachfrage

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2010

It is becoming increasingly difficult to satisfy the rising global demand for food in a sustainable manner. A number of reasons contribute to the uncertainty in our ability to meet the food demand of an increasing world population: the average living standard of the population is rising, land use is shifting from agriculture to urban and industrial uses, the production of nonfood crops for bio-fuels is on the rise, investments in increasing agricultural productivity are growing slowly, water and arable land are increasingly becoming scarce and global warming is making it more difficult to produce food in various poor countries. Moreover, the food price crisis of 2008 added fuel to the fire and put food security on top of the policy agenda.

At the heart of the food security agenda lies water scarcity as irrigated agriculture accounts for 50 percent of the total crop production in the World. Many countries, especially in North-Africa, Near East and East Asia have already reached critical levels of water scarcity, which is expected to get worse with the forces mentioned above.

Die Psychologie des Terrorismus

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2010

In all parts of the world the processes of globalization have produced winners and losers. Socioeconomic disparities, which exist not only between nations but also inside the societies of all states, are regarded as the major cause for political or political-religious radicalization. Today, the most extreme form of this radicalization is represented by terrorist organizations. The transnational, non-state nature of terrorism and insurgencies has evolved into one of the most prominent threats for international security, stability, and prosperity.