Intelligente Migrationspolitik für global mobile Arbeitskräfte

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2012

“While the world is rapidly globalizing, international labor mobility remains severely restricted for all but those with rare or high skills. Many inhabitants of developing countries would like to emigrate legally to work abroad, but do not qualify for legal admission in destination countries. This is because policy makers naturally focus on the net national economic impact thereof when considering reforms and they strongly consider national public opinion when designing these labor migration policies.

Yet, the economic and social impacts of migration are global, not singularly national. A global balance sheet of migration would have to cover the economic and social impact on three key players: the receiving countries, the source countries and the migrants themselves. Globally efficient migration policies must be transposed by nationally elected politicians. The challenge ahead is thus to design migration policies that are both globally efficient and politically feasible to implement”.
(GES-Organizers)

 

Konzepte

Wesentliches Schlagwort: Internationale Arbeitsmobilität

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Migrationspolitik

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Regionale Aspekte: EU-Staaten – Internationale Arbeitsmobilität

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Regionale Aspekte: EU-Staaten – Migrationspolitik

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Literaturliste

Importing skills : migration policy, generic skills and earnings among immigrants in Australasia, Europe and North America / by Tomas Korpi.

  • Importing skills : migration policy, generic skills and earnings among immigrants in Australasia, Europe and North America / by Tomas Korpi.
    (2012) Working paper / Norges Bank ; 2012,5; Online-Ressource (39 S., 177 KB).

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Skill based immigrant selection and labor market outcomes by visa category / Abdurrahman Aydemir.

  • Skill based immigrant selection and labor market outcomes by visa category / Abdurrahman Aydemir.
    (2012) Discussion paper series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 6433; Online-Ressource (PDF-Datei: 47 S., 341,11 KB).

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Immigration and language : impacts and policy (Recent developments in the economics of international migration / ed. by Barry R. Chiswick … ; Vol. 2)
This study provides an account of the dynamics of the dominant language adjustment process among immigrants in Australia using the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Australia, which comprises two cohorts of immigrants that arrived in Australia around five years apart. There are two special features of these data that provide the framework for analysis. First, the visa class under which the immigrants entered Australia is known from administrative records. Second, between the two surveys, some visa classes, but not others, were affected by changes in government policy relating to the role of English language skills in immigrant selection. A difference between differences approach is used to isolate the impacts of these policy changes, and thus enable an assessment of what immigrant selection policy can do in this area. It is found that visa category, educational attainment and age at migration impact on immigrant’s language skills. The increased English Proficiency requirement for the Independent and Skilled-Australian Sponsored categories appears to have been successful in raising the English language proficiency of these immigrants.

  • Immigration and language : impacts and policy (Recent developments in the economics of international migration / ed. by Barry R. Chiswick … ; Vol. 2)
    An Elgar research collection; X, 640 S.

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  • Language skills and immigrant adjustment : what immigration policy can do! / Barry R. Chiswick; Paul W. Miller.
    (Nov. 2004) Discussion paper series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 1419; Online Ressource, 61, [2] p. = 524 KB, text.

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Immigration : flows and adjustment (Recent developments in the economics of international migration / ed. by Barry R. Chiswick … ; Vol. 1)
This paper summarises the key findings of a recent study on the impact of Eastern Enlargement of the European Union (EU) on labour markets in the current Member States. The study focuses on three main channels, along which enlargement may affect labour markets in the EU, namely i) trade, ii) foreign direct investment, and iii) migration. A main conclusion of the study is that trade and capital movements are very unlikely to lead to an equalisation of factor prices. Thus, strong economic incentives to migration are bound to be present well beyond the date of accession. We estimate the migration potential associated with Eastern enlargement drawing on a time series model of immigration to Germany, which allows to estimate the long-term equilibrium migration potential, as well as the speed of adjustment at which the potential takes place. Our findings suggest that the long-run stock of immigrants from the CEECs-10 in the EU will increase from 0.85 in 1998 to a peak of 3.9 million persons which is expected to be reached around 30 years after the liberalisation of labour movements. Net immigration inflows in the EU are bound to increase immediately reaching a maximum of about 335,000 individuals per year, and subsequently decline to a modest 100,000 to 150,000 people per annum. Around 35% of the migrants are expected to be workers. Microeconometric exercises carried out in the context of the study indicate that such an influx of migrants will have only a moderate impact on wages and employment even in the two most affected countries, Austria and Germany. Although we are dealing with relatively small numbers, they may have an impact on wages and employment in some neighbouring regions of Austria and Germany, where immigration from the CEECs-10 is concentrated. In the final section of the paper, we argue for keeping actual migration flows from CEECs-10 under control for a transitional period. Although the chapter in the accession negotiations on the free movement of labour has been already opened, a joint position of the present EU members regarding this fundamental issue is still missing. European leaders will soon have to come to terms with this issue.

  • Immigration : flows and adjustment (Recent developments in the economics of international migration / ed. by Barry R. Chiswick … ; Vol. 1)
    An Elgar research collection; XXIII, 641 S.

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  • Eastern enlargement and EU-labour markets: perceptions, challenges and opportunities / Tito Boeri; Herbert Brücker.
    (2001) Discussion paper series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 256; 17, [5] S.

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The evaluation of immigration policies / Ulf Rinne.

  • The evaluation of immigration policies / Ulf Rinne.
    (2012) Discussion paper series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 6369; Online-Ressource (PDF-Datei: 27 S., 465,22 KB).

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Global migration governance / ed. by Alexander Betts.

High-skilled immigration in a global labor market / Barry R. Chiswick, editor.

High-skilled immigration policy in Europe / Martin Kahanec; Klaus F. Zimmermann.
Whether Europe will be able to stand up to its internal and external challenges crucially depends on its ability to manage its internal mobility and inflows of international migrants. Using a unique expert opinion survey, we document that Europe needs skilled migrants, and skill mismatch is to be expected. A review of current immigration policies shows that despite a number of positive recent developments Europe lacks a consistent strategy to address this challenge effectively, paralyzed by the notion of “fortress” Europe, which we argue should be abandoned. Since significant political tensions can be expected between native actors that favor and disfavor further immigration, improving European immigration policies and procedures is a formidable challenge. This task involves the need to improve Europe’s image among potential migrants, especially the high-skilled ones. — High-skilled migration ; mobility ; immigration policy ; Europe ; European Union

  • High-skilled immigration policy in Europe / Martin Kahanec; Klaus F. Zimmermann.
    (2011) Discussion papers / German Institute for Economic Research ; 1096; Online-Ressource (PDF-Datei: 40 S., 307 KB).

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  • High-skilled immigration policy in Europe / Martin Kahanec; Klaus F. Zimmermann.
    (2010) Discussion paper series / Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit ; 5399; Online-Ressource (PDF-Datei: 40 S., 342,22 KB).

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Constructing and imagining labour migration : perspectives of control from five continents ; [ … result of a workshop that took place in February 2009 in New York] / ed. by Elspeth Guild and Sandra Mantu.

  • Constructing and imagining labour migration : perspectives of control from five continents ; [ … result of a workshop that took place in February 2009 in New York] / ed. by Elspeth Guild and Sandra Mantu.
    (2011) Farnham [u.a.]; XV, 311 S.

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Equivocal claims? Ambivalent controls? : labour migration regimes in the European Union / Elspeth Guild.

  • Equivocal claims? Ambivalent controls? : labour migration regimes in the European Union / Elspeth Guild.
    (2011) In: Constructing and imagining labour migration. – Farnham [u.a.]. – 2011, S. 207-228.

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Competing interests in the Europeanization of labour migration rules / Anaï Faure Atger.

  • Competing interests in the Europeanization of labour migration rules / Anaï Faure Atger.
    (2011) In: Constructing and imagining labour migration. – Farnham [u.a.]. – 2011, S. 157-174.

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Ethnic diversity in European labor markets : challenges and solutions / ed. by Martin Kahanec; Klaus F. Zimmermann.

Germany’s immigration policy and labor shortages : [report prepared for the International Organization for Migration (IOM) under the functional title: IOM Independent Network of Labour Migration and Integration Experts (LINET)] / Amelie F. Constant; Bienvenue N. Tien.

  • Germany’s immigration policy and labor shortages : [report prepared for the International Organization for Migration (IOM) under the functional title: IOM Independent Network of Labour Migration and Integration Experts (LINET)] / Amelie F. Constant; Bienvenue N. Tien.
    (2011) IZA research report ; 41; Online-Ressource (38 S., 1,01 MB).

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Foreign and guest workers : immigration and admissions issues / Benjamin J. Ruiz, ed..

Towards an objective-driven system of smart labor migration management / Robert Holzmann; Yann Pouget.

  • Towards an objective-driven system of smart labor migration management / Robert Holzmann; Yann Pouget.
    (2010) IZA policy paper ; 20; Online-Ressource (9 S.).

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Managing labour migration in Europe : ideas, knowledge and policy change / Alex Balch.

Labour migration in Europe / ed. by Georg Menz ….

Who needs migrant workers? : Labour shortages, immigration, and public policy ; [ … workshop in Oxford in May 2009] / ed. by Martin Ruhs and Bridget Anderson.

  • Who needs migrant workers? : Labour shortages, immigration, and public policy ; [ … workshop in Oxford in May 2009] / ed. by Martin Ruhs and Bridget Anderson.
    (2010) Oxford [u.a.]; XVI, 335 S.

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Workers without borders : culture, migration and the political limits to globalization / Sanjay Jain, Sumon Majumdar and Sharun W. Mukand.
This paper examines the role of cultural factors in driving the politics and shape of migration policy. We show that there exists a broad political failure that results in inefficiently high barriers restricting the import of temporary foreign workers and also admitting an inefficiently large number of permanent migrants, but not enough to fill any labor shortage in the economy. We show that countries that are poor at cultural assimilation are better positioned to take advantage of short-term foreign worker programs than more culturally diverse and tolerant countries. A striking implication is that relaxing restrictions on the mobility of migrant workers across employers has the potential to raise host country welfare even though it increases migrant wages and lowers individual firm’s profits. We also demonstrate the existence of multiple equilibria: some countries have mostly temporary migration programs and see a low degree of cultural assimilation by the migrants, while other countries rely more on permanent migrants and see much more assimilation.

  • Workers without borders : culture, migration and the political limits to globalization / Sanjay Jain, Sumon Majumdar and Sharun W. Mukand.
    (2010) CAGE online working paper series ; 19; Online-Ressource (PDF-Datei: 38 S.).

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  • Workers without borders? : culture, migration and the political limits to globalization / Sanjay Jain ; Sumon Majumdar ; Sharun W. Mukand.
    (2010) CESifo working paper series ; 2954 : Labour markets; 34 S.

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  • Workers without borders? : culture, migration and the political limits to globalization / Sanjay Jain; Sumon Majumdar; Sharun Mukand.
    (2010) CESifo working paper ; 2954 : Labour Markets; Online-Ressource (34 S.).

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  • Workers without borders? : culture, migration and the political limits to globalization / Sanjay Jain; Sumon Majumdar; Sharun Mukand.
    (2008) Queen’s Economics Department working paper ; 1196; Online-Ressource (23 S.).

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The sectoral turn in labour migration policy / Alexander Caviedes.

The externalisation of the EU’s labour immigration policy : towards mobility or insecurity partnerships? / Sergio Carrera and Raül Hernández i Sagrera.

International labour migration : a rights-based approach / International Labour Organization.

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