Wettrennen um die weltweiten landwirtschaftlichen Anbauflächen (land grabs)

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2011

It is becoming increasingly difficult to satisfy the rising global demand for agricultural products in a sustainable manner. Climate change, a rising world population with changing diets, increasing urbanization and industrialization, and a rising production of non-food crops all raise the global demand for agricultural land. How can we bring population growth, food consumption patterns, climate patterns, and land use into a sustainable equilibrium? What international trade arrangements, environmental policies, nutritional trajectories and land use patterns are required for this purpose?

Lately, financially strong private and public investors mainly from Asia and the Middle East buy or rent on a long-term basis arable land in Africa, East Europe and Central and Southeast Asia. On the one hand, these land deals are often referred to as “land grabs.” As many of these investments are done in countries with an already tightnutrition situation and rather instable political regimes, such as Sudan, the Philippines, Pakistan or Cambodia, they might cause problems for the local population. On the other hand, investment into the agricultural market in these countries is urgently needed, thus they could provoke a reactivation or development of rural areas. Therefore it is not clear whether these developments should be called “land grabs” or “opportunities for development” as a FAO report (Cotula) underlines.

 

Konzepte

Wesentliches Schlagwort: Bodenrecht

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Direktinvestition

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Land grabbing

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Landwirtschaftliche Bodennutzung

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This policy brief summarizes the scientific discussion about land deals and presents some initial empirical results from a field trip to a large land investment in Zambia. It is intended to serve as a background paper for the symposium session “Dealing with the Race for Agricultural Land” at the Global Economic Symposium 2011 in Kiel, Germany. We first give an overview of the main drivers of cropland expansion, and then discuss the possible opportunities and risks involved in land deals. Based on such analysis we summarize first suggestions on how to reap the benefits of land deals for the host countries and its local communities.

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Rising global interest in farmland : can it yield sustainable and equitable benefits? / Klaus Deininger and Derek Byerlee with Jonathan Lindsay, Andrew Norton, Harris Selod ….

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