Open Innovation und Zugang zu Wissen

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2011

Our world is full of unexploited knowledge and brilliant ideas that are never realized. Innovators often fail to take note of external innovations, and sometimes they are not even aware of the market for internal ideas. “Open innovation” is a promising step towards reducing this fundamental mismatch between the global supply and demand for knowledge. In open innovation projects, innovators from the private sector and academia voluntarily disclose innovation processes and results to other (potential) innovators. They make internal knowledge accessible for the outside world and attract external expertise in exchange. By doing so, innovators are able to improve their innovativeness.

The success of open innovation projects hinges on the incentives of innovators to share their knowledge and to interact with each other, as well as on the matching of knowledge supplied and demanded. Institutional environments of different quality, e.g., in terms of different intellectual property right (IPR) systems, may affect innovators’ incentives to share knowledge and thus the pool of knowledge available for follow-up innovations. To build an adequate and efficient institutional environment in the strongly globalized digital world, well-coordinated contributions from policy-makers, the private sector, academia and NGOs are essential.

 

Konzepte

Wesentliches Schlagwort: Innovationsmanagement

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Literaturliste

Open innovation : past research, current debates, and future directions / by Ulrich Lichtenthaler.

  • Open innovation : past research, current debates, and future directions / by Ulrich Lichtenthaler.
    (2011) In: The Academy of Management perspectives. – Briarcliff Manor, NY. – Bd. 25.2011, 1, (Feb.2011) S. 75-93.

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Evaluating academic technology transfer performance by how well access to knowledge is facilitated: defining an access metric / Jill Ann Tarzian Sorensen; Donald A. Chambers.

  • Evaluating academic technology transfer performance by how well access to knowledge is facilitated: defining an access metric / Jill Ann Tarzian Sorensen; Donald A. Chambers.
    (2008) In: The journal of technology transfer. – Norwell, Mass [u.a.]. – Bd. 33.2008, 5, (Okt.2008) S. 534-547.

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Free revealing in open innovation : a comparison of different models and their benefits for companies / Tim Schweisfurth, Christina Raasch and Cornelius Herstatt.

  • Free revealing in open innovation : a comparison of different models and their benefits for companies / Tim Schweisfurth, Christina Raasch and Cornelius Herstatt.
    (2011) In: International journal of product development. – Olney, Bucks. – Bd. 13.2011, 2, S. 95-118.

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Management of external sources of technological information and innovation performance / Clandia Maffini Gomes; Isak Kruglianskas.

  • Management of external sources of technological information and innovation performance / Clandia Maffini Gomes; Isak Kruglianskas.
    (2009) In: International journal of innovation and technology management. – Singapore [u.a.]. – Bd. 6.2009, 2, (Jun.2009) S. 207-226.

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Research and development, innovation and marketing : how to convince internal and external stakeholders of technological innovations / Alexander Brem; Mostafa Hashem Sherif; Liora Katzenstein; Kai-Ingo Voigt and Dominique Marcel Lammer.

  • Research and development, innovation and marketing : how to convince internal and external stakeholders of technological innovations / Alexander Brem; Mostafa Hashem Sherif; Liora Katzenstein; Kai-Ingo Voigt and Dominique Marcel Lammer.
    (2011) In: Strategies and communications for innovations. – Berlin [u.a.]. – 2011, S. 193-208.

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Innovation on the frontline : structured approach to knowledge creation through open innovation with customers / Jeffery Grabowski and Gabriele McLaughlin.

Enabling knowledge creation through outsiders : towards a push model of open innovation / Sebastian Spaeth, Matthias Stuermer and Georg von Krogh.

  • Enabling knowledge creation through outsiders : towards a push model of open innovation / Sebastian Spaeth, Matthias Stuermer and Georg von Krogh.
    (2010) In: International journal of technology management. – Geneva-Aeroport. – Bd. 52.2010, 3/4, S. 411-431.

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Proprietary vs. open-access dimensions of knowledge / Marc Isabelle.

The innovator’s decision : entrepreneurship versus technology transer / Daniel F. Spulber.

  • The innovator’s decision : entrepreneurship versus technology transer / Daniel F. Spulber.
    (2011) In: Handbook of research on innovation and entrepreneurship. – Cheltenham [u.a.]. – 2011, S. 315-336.

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Large-scale open innovation : open source vs. patent pools / Thierry Rayna; Ludmilla Striukova.

  • Large-scale open innovation : open source vs. patent pools / Thierry Rayna; Ludmilla Striukova.
    (2010) In: International journal of technology management. – Geneva-Aeroport. – Bd. 52.2010, 3/4, S. 477-496.

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Does IP strategy have to cripple open innovation? / by Oliver Alexy, Paola Criscuolo, and Ammon Salter.

  • Does IP strategy have to cripple open innovation? / by Oliver Alexy, Paola Criscuolo, and Ammon Salter.
    (2009) In: MIT sloan management review. – Cambridge, Mass.. – Bd. 51.2009/10, 1, S. 71-77.

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Strategic planning in open innovation systems : how to develop an out-licensing strategy / Ulrich Lichtenthaler.

  • Strategic planning in open innovation systems : how to develop an out-licensing strategy / Ulrich Lichtenthaler.
    (2009) In: International journal of intellectual property management. – Genève [u.a.]. – Bd. 3.2009, 4, S. 386-395.

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Open innovation through online communities / Paul M. Di Gangi and Molly Wasko.

  • Open innovation through online communities / Paul M. Di Gangi and Molly Wasko.
    (2009) In: Knowledge management and organizational learning. – Dordrecht [u.a.]. – 2009, S. 199-213.

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Getting clear about communities in open innovation / Joel West & Karim R. Lakhani.

Online communication and open innovation : governance and symbolic value creation / Linus Dahlander, Lars Frederiksen & Francesco Rullani.

  • Online communication and open innovation : governance and symbolic value creation / Linus Dahlander, Lars Frederiksen & Francesco Rullani.
    (2011) In: Online communities and open innovation. – London [u.a.]. – 2011, S. 1-9.

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Open innovation communities … or should it be “networks”? / Margarida Cardoso; João Vidal Carvalho; Isabel Ramos.

  • Open innovation communities … or should it be “networks”? / Margarida Cardoso; João Vidal Carvalho; Isabel Ramos.
    (2009) In: Web 2.0. – New York, NY. – 2009, S. 53-74.

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Forms of network resource : knowledge access and the role of inter-firm networks / Robert Huggins.

  • Forms of network resource : knowledge access and the role of inter-firm networks / Robert Huggins.
    (2010) In: International journal of management reviews. – Oxford. – Bd. 12.2010, 3, (Sep.2010) S. 335-352.

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The performance of gatekeepers in innovator networks / Holger Graf & Jens J. Krüger.
We investigate the impact of actors’ positions within regional innovator networks on their innovative performance. The networks of four selected regions are based on information on patent applicants and inventors. Count data regressions show positive effects on innovation of both the total number of relations and of access to a larger knowledge base. However, when looking at innovators that are characterised by multiple internal and external contacts, our results suggest that these gatekeepers are not able to reap all the benefits associated with their brokering position. This implies that gatekeepers provide some sort of public good to the innovation system. — Innovator networks ; Gatekeeper ; Zero Iflated Generalised Poisson

  • The performance of gatekeepers in innovator networks / Holger Graf & Jens J. Krüger.
    (2011) In: Industry and innovation. – Bd. 18.2011, 1, (Jan.2011) S. 69-88.

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  • The performance of gatekeepers in innovator networks / Holger Graf; Jens J. Krüger.
    (2009) Jena economic research papers ; 2009,058; Online-Ressource (22 S.).

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Cooperation-based innovators and peripheral cooperators : an empirical analysis of their characteristics and behavior / Andrés Barge-Gil.

  • Cooperation-based innovators and peripheral cooperators : an empirical analysis of their characteristics and behavior / Andrés Barge-Gil.
    (2010) In: Technovation. – Amsterdam. – Bd. 30.2010, 3, (Mar.2010) S. 195-206.

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Dynamics of a technological innovator network and its impact on technological performance / Ju Liu; Cristina Chaminade.

  • Dynamics of a technological innovator network and its impact on technological performance / Ju Liu; Cristina Chaminade.
    (2010) In: Innovation. – Maleny, Qld. – Bd. 12.2010, 1, (Apr.2010) S. 53-74.

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The open innovation paradox : knowledge sharing and protection in R&D collaborations / Marcel Bogers.

  • The open innovation paradox : knowledge sharing and protection in R&D collaborations / Marcel Bogers.
    (2011) In: European journal of innovation management. – Bingley. – Bd. 14.2011, 1, S. 93-117.

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Open innovation in global networks / […prep. by Koen De Backer …].
Confronted with increasing global competition and rising R&D costs and risks, companies are reverting to new modes of innovation. To match the global demand and supply of innovation, businesses increasingly internationalise their innovation activities while opening their innovation process by collaborating with external partners (e.g., suppliers, customers, universities). What drives these global innovation networks across different industries? How are they related to companies’ overall strategies? Are they accessible for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)? Finally, what are the consequences?

Harnessing tacit knowledge for innovation creation in multinational enterprises : an internal social network approach / Omar J. Khan and Nory Jones.

  • Harnessing tacit knowledge for innovation creation in multinational enterprises : an internal social network approach / Omar J. Khan and Nory Jones.
    (2011) In: Journal for international business and entrepreneurship development. – Olney, Bucks. – Bd. 5.2010/11, 3, S. 232-248.

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Formal and informal external linkages and firms’ innovative strategies : a cross-country comparison / Isabel Maria Bodas Freitas, Tommy Clausen, Roberto Fontana, and Bart Verspagen.

  • Formal and informal external linkages and firms’ innovative strategies : a cross-country comparison / Isabel Maria Bodas Freitas, Tommy Clausen, Roberto Fontana, and Bart Verspagen.
    (2011) In: Catching up, spillovers and innovation networks in a Schumpeterian perspective. – 2011, S. 119-145.

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  • Formal and informal external linkages and firms’ innovative strategies : a cross-country comparison / Isabel Maria Bodas Freitas; Tommy H. Clausen; Roberto Fontana; Bart Verspagen.
    (2011) In: Journal of evolutionary economics. – Bd. 21.2011, 1, (Feb.2011) S. 91-119.

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  • Formal and informal external linkages and firms’ innovative strategies : a cross-country comparison / Isabel Maria Bodas Freitas, Tommy Clausen, Roberto Fontana and Bart Verspagen.
    (2008) Working paper series / United Nations University, UNU-MERIT ; 2008,065; 49 S.

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How to implement open innovation : lessons from studying large multinational companies / [by Letitzia Mortara, Johann Jakob Napp, Imke Slacik and Tim Minshall].

  • How to implement open innovation : lessons from studying large multinational companies / [by Letitzia Mortara, Johann Jakob Napp, Imke Slacik and Tim Minshall].
    (2009) Cambridge; 57 S.

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Heterogeneous firm-level effects of knowledge exchanges on product innovation : differences between dynamic and lagging product innovators / André Spithoven, Dirk Frantzen, and Bart Clarysse.

  • Heterogeneous firm-level effects of knowledge exchanges on product innovation : differences between dynamic and lagging product innovators / André Spithoven, Dirk Frantzen, and Bart Clarysse.
    (2010) In: The journal of product innovation management. – Oxford. – Bd. 27.2010, 3, (Mai.2010) S. 362-381.

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Organizing for open innovation : focus on the integration of knowledge / Martin W. Wallin; Georg von Krogh.

  • Organizing for open innovation : focus on the integration of knowledge / Martin W. Wallin; Georg von Krogh.
    (2010) In: Organizational dynamics. – New York, NY. – Bd. 39.2010, 2, (4/6.2010) S. 145-154.

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Knowledge convergence in an open innovation process / Jukka Bergman; Hannu Kärkkäinen; Ari Jantunen and Juha-Matti Saksa.

  • Knowledge convergence in an open innovation process / Jukka Bergman; Hannu Kärkkäinen; Ari Jantunen and Juha-Matti Saksa.
    (2010) In: International journal of knowledge management studies. – [Olney, Bucks.]. – Bd. 4.2010, 1, S. 47-64.

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