Aufbau von intelligenten Stromnetzen

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2011

In March 2011, the nuclear catastrophe of Fukushima shook existing energy preconceptions all over the world to the core. Before that date many countries with nuclear power plants sought a constant or rising share of nuclear energy in the utility mix, whereas today the future of nuclear energy is unsettled. At the same time, the threat of climate change requires restrictions on the use of fossil fuels like coal for electricity generation. In the face of this double challenge, severe cuts in the global use of conventional electricity sources are regarded inevitable. The hope of policymakers, environmentalists and entrepreneurs rests on electricity demand management. According to this concept, electricity demand could be shifted by an external system operator, which allows for moving electricity load from peak hours to off-peak hours and for saving idle capacity. In addition, demand could be adapted to fluctuating electricity supply from renewable sources. A precondition for electricity demand management, however, is an adaptation of the electricity grid to allow for bidirectional communication between the operator controling electricity sources and grid stability on the one hand and the electricity sinks on the other.

Bidirectional communication within a “smart grid” is not a mere technical specification. It is a gateway for new players on the electricity market, including e.g. ICT companies and manufacturers of electric appliances, and a challenge for the existing market structure. It requests regulation that is just as “smart” as the new electricity market.

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Intelligentes Stromnetz

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Literaturliste

Evaluating government’s policies on promoting smart metering diffusion in retail electricity markets via agent-based simulation / Tao Zhang and William J. Nuttall.

  • Evaluating government’s policies on promoting smart metering diffusion in retail electricity markets via agent-based simulation / Tao Zhang and William J. Nuttall.
    (2011) In: The journal of product innovation management. – Oxford. – Bd. 28.2011, 2, (Mar.2011) S. 169-186.
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Smart meter devices and the effect of feedback on residential electricity consumption : evidence from a natural experiment in Northern Ireland / by Will Gans; Anna Alberini; Alberto Longo.
Using a unique set of data and exploiting a large-scale natural experiment, we estimate the effect of real-time usage information on residential electricity consumption in Northern Ireland. Starting in April 2002, the utility replaced prepayment meters with “smart” meters that allow the consumer to track usage in real-time. We rely on this event, account for the endogeneity of price and plan with consumption through a plan selection correction term, and find that the provision of information is associated with a decline in electricity consumption of up to 20%. We find that the reduction is robust to different specifications, selection-bias correction methods and subsamples of the original data. At £15-17 per tonne of CO2e (2009£), the smart meter program delivers cost-effective reductions in carbon dioxide emissions. — Residential Energy ; Electricity Demand ; Feedback ; Smart Meter ; Information

  • Smart meter devices and the effect of feedback on residential electricity consumption : evidence from a natural experiment in Northern Ireland / by Will Gans; Anna Alberini; Alberto Longo.
    (2011) Nota di lavoro / Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei ; 36.2011 : Energy: resources and markets; Online-Ressource (PDF-Datei: 45 S., 1,31 MB).

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Smart grids put into practice : technological and regulatory aspects / Else Veldman, Danny A. M. Geldtmeijer, Joris D. Knigge and J. G. (Han) Slootweg.

  • Smart grids put into practice : technological and regulatory aspects / Else Veldman, Danny A. M. Geldtmeijer, Joris D. Knigge and J. G. (Han) Slootweg.
    (2010) In: Competition and regulation in network industries. – Mortsel. – Bd. 11.2010, 3, (Sep.2010) S. 287-306.

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Smart Regulation for Smart Grids / Leonardo Meeus, Marcelo Saguan, Jean-Michel Glachant and Ronnie Belmans.

  • Smart Regulation for Smart Grids / Leonardo Meeus, Marcelo Saguan, Jean-Michel Glachant and Ronnie Belmans.
    (2010) Badia Fiesolana, San Domenico (Fl); Online-Ressource (23 S., 385 KB).

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Smart power : climate change, the smart grid, and the future of electric utilities / Peter Fox-Penner.

Electricity : Renewables and Smart Grids ; [Roundtable, Electricity: Renewables and Smart Grids, held … in February 2010] / Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs, Competition Committee.

  • Electricity : Renewables and Smart Grids ; [Roundtable, Electricity: Renewables and Smart Grids, held … in February 2010] / Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs, Competition Committee.
    (2010) Policy roundtables ; 2010.10; Online-Ressource (212 S.).

    PDF-Volltext prüfen & bestellenEconBizGoogle-ScolarBibliotheksVerbund BayernScirus - Elsevier

How green Is the smart grid? / Ryan Hledik.

Smart metering and electricity demand : technology, economics and international experience / Aoife Brophy Haney, Tooraj Jamasb and Michael Pollitt.

  • Smart metering and electricity demand : technology, economics and international experience / Aoife Brophy Haney, Tooraj Jamasb and Michael Pollitt.
    (2009) EPRG ; 0903; Online-Ressource (PDF-Datei: 72 S.).

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Is there a case for broadband utility communications networks? : valuing and pricing incremental communications capacity on electric utility smart grid networks / James Heidell; Harold Ware.

  • Is there a case for broadband utility communications networks? : valuing and pricing incremental communications capacity on electric utility smart grid networks / James Heidell; Harold Ware.
    (2010) In: The electricity journal. – Congers, NY. – Bd. 23.2010, 1, (1/2.2010) S. 21-33.

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An agent based simulation of smart metering : technology adoption / Tao Zhang and William J. Nuttall.

  • An agent based simulation of smart metering : technology adoption / Tao Zhang and William J. Nuttall.
    (Dec. 2007) EPRG ; 0727; Online-Ressource, [34] S., Text.

    PDF-Volltext prüfen & bestellenEconBizGoogle-ScolarBibliotheksVerbund BayernScirus - Elsevier

Profiting from clean energy : a complete guide to trading green in solar, wind, ethanol, fuel cell, power efficiency, carbon credit industries, and more / Richard W. Asplund.

  • Profiting from clean energy : a complete guide to trading green in solar, wind, ethanol, fuel cell, power efficiency, carbon credit industries, and more / Richard W. Asplund.
    (c 2008) Wiley trading series; VIII, 370 S.

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Estimating the benefits of effectively and proactively maintaining infrastructure with the innovative smart infrastructure sensor system / Risako Morimoto.

  • Estimating the benefits of effectively and proactively maintaining infrastructure with the innovative smart infrastructure sensor system / Risako Morimoto.
    (2010) In: Socio-economic planning sciences. – Oxford [u.a.]. – Bd. 44.2010, 4, (Dez.2010) S. 247-257.

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