Wachstum durch Armutsbekämpfung und finanzielle Einbindung

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2010

In most developing countries, governments undertake large poverty alleviation programs whereby specific goods and services are transferred to those who are unable to afford them in the free market. These programs are targeted (at the poor) and conditional (for particular goods and services). But targeting generates incentive problems (the poor have reduced incentive to become productive) and leakage (some people receive benefits even though they don’t need them and others who need them don’t receive them). Conditionality gives rise to monitoring and enforcement problems, leading to opportunities for corruption. Furthermore, governments face the problem of making the goods and services available at the right time in the rightplace. These various problems reduce countries’ growth potential and hinder poverty alleviation.

  • Should traditional government in-kind subsidies to the poor be replaced by cash transfers to the poor? Should the cash transfers be conditional (for specific goods and services) or unconditional?
  • Should unconditional cash transfers be combined with a negative income tax, leaving the government to focus on regulatory activities?
  • What is the role of new technologies, such as biometric smart cards and electronic bank accounts in implementing such an approach?
  • If such changes are desirable, what are the concrete institutional and policy changes required?
  • Can market-friendly mechanisms be designed that enable households and businesses, in the pursuit of their own interests, to reduce poverty by stimulating growth?
  • Can poverty be effectively reduced through profitable business activity that promotes financial inclusion?
  • Can new financial instruments facilitate such a process?
  • What, for example, is the future of micro finance and how can its effectiveness be improved?
  • What legal and regulatory framework and what international support is required for such opportunities to be exploited?

Literaturliste

Can micro health insurance reduce poverty? : evidence from Bangladesh / Syed Abdul Hamid, Jennifer Roberts and Paul Mosley.

  • Can micro health insurance reduce poverty? : evidence from Bangladesh / Syed Abdul Hamid, Jennifer Roberts and Paul Mosley.
    (2010) Sheffield economic research paper series ; 2010001; Online-Ressource (PDF-Datei: 32 S.).

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Speeding financial inclusion / Sameer Kochhar.
In Indian context

The role of microfinance in asset-building and poverty reduction : the case of Sinapi Aba Trust of Ghana / Joseph Kimos Adjei; Thankom Arun; Farhad Hossain.

  • The role of microfinance in asset-building and poverty reduction : the case of Sinapi Aba Trust of Ghana / Joseph Kimos Adjei; Thankom Arun; Farhad Hossain.
    (2009) BWPI working papers ; 87; Online-Ressource (PDF-Datei: 23 S.).

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New growth and poverty alleviation strategies for Africa : institutional and local perspectives / Karl Wohlmuth; Reuben Adeolu Alabi; Philippe Burger; Achim Gutowski; Afeikhena Jerome … (eds.).

  • New growth and poverty alleviation strategies for Africa : institutional and local perspectives / Karl Wohlmuth; Reuben Adeolu Alabi; Philippe Burger; Achim Gutowski; Afeikhena Jerome … (eds.).
    (2009) African Development Perspectives Yearbook ; 14; XXXII, 530, V S.

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Inequality in emerging countries : trends, interpretations, and implications for development and poverty reduction / Stephan Klasen.

  • Inequality in emerging countries : trends, interpretations, and implications for development and poverty reduction / Stephan Klasen.
    (2009) In: Intereconomics. – Berlin; Heidelberg [u.a.]. – Bd. 44.2009, 6, (11/12.2009) S. 360-363.

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Strategies for growth and poverty reduction : has Tanzania’s second PRSP influenced implementation? / 3000.
Tanzania’s current growth and poverty reduction strategies are contained in its second PRSP. This document, and the processes leading to its formulation, has helped to mobilize donor funds. However, the content of the PRSP is largely irrelevant for implementation, and has contributed little to better inter-sectoral linkages and synergies both of which were its main purposes. The immediate reasons for this irrelevancy include a participatory planning process not aligned with the domestic political process and with no budget constraints which led to a shopping list of un-prioritized initiatives; an implementation machinery around the budget process which in practice does not ensure that resources are allocated in line with the document’s priorities; and limited understanding and/or acceptance across the spectrum of government institutions and political leadership that the PRSP is the overall strategic guiding document.

  • Strategies for growth and poverty reduction : has Tanzania’s second PRSP influenced implementation? / 3000.
    (2009) IIS/GI. Kongevej working paper ; 2009,13; Online-Ressource (32 S., 479 KB).

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More pathways out of poverty / ed. by Sam Daley-Harris and Anna Awimbo.

  • More pathways out of poverty / ed. by Sam Daley-Harris and Anna Awimbo.
    (2006) Bloomfield, Conn.; XIX, 187 S.

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Pro-growth, pro-poor : is there a trade-off? / J. Humberto Lopez.

  • Pro-growth, pro-poor : is there a trade-off? / J. Humberto Lopez.
    (2009) In: Handbook of research on cost-benefit analysis. – 2009, S. 482-512.

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  • Handbook of research on cost-benefit analysis / ed. by Robert J. Brent.
    (2009) Cheltenham [u.a.]; XIII, 540 S.

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  • Pro-growth, pro-poor: is there a trade-off? / J. Humberto Lopez.
    (2004) Policy research working paper ; 3378; 29 S.

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Cooperatives and micro finance / ed. by V. Frank Ratnakumar ….

  • Cooperatives and micro finance / ed. by V. Frank Ratnakumar ….
    (2009) New Delhi; XV, 261 S.

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Micro credit and economic development / ed. by R. Rajkumar ….

  • Micro credit and economic development / ed. by R. Rajkumar ….
    (2010) New Delhi; XLIII, 523 S.

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  • Micro-credit and rural development / ed. by Anil Kumar Thakur ….
    (2009) New Delhi; XVIII, 533 S.

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Financial inclusion of rural markets : understanding the current Indian framework / by Pranaya K. Swain; Baldeep Singh.

  • Financial inclusion of rural markets : understanding the current Indian framework / by Pranaya K. Swain; Baldeep Singh.
    (2008) Working paper series : WPS / Indian Institute of Management Calcutta ; 630; Online-Ressource (25 S., 162,50 KB).

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Microfinance revolution : its effects, innovations, and challenges / Hisaki Kono and Kazushi Takahashi.

  • Microfinance revolution : its effects, innovations, and challenges / Hisaki Kono and Kazushi Takahashi.
    (2010) In: The developing economies. – Carlton, Vic.. – Bd. 48.2010, 1, (Mar.2010) S. 15-73.

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The international handbook of gender and poverty : concepts, research, policy / ed. by Sylvia Chant.

  • The international handbook of gender and poverty : concepts, research, policy / ed. by Sylvia Chant.
    (2010) Cheltenham [u.a.]; XXXIV, 698 S.

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  • Poverty capital : microfinance and the making of development / Ananya Roy.
    (2010) 1. ed. – New York, NY [u.a.]; XIV, 253 S.

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Challenges facing Eritrea in growth and poverty reduction policies : does microfinance help? / Temesgen Kifle.

  • Challenges facing Eritrea in growth and poverty reduction policies : does microfinance help? / Temesgen Kifle.
    (2009) In: New growth and poverty alleviation strategies for Africa. – 2009, S. 299-319.

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Gender empowerment and development / ed. by Anil Kumar Thakur ….

  • Gender empowerment and development / ed. by Anil Kumar Thakur ….
    (2008) New Delhi; XLVIII, 722 S.

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Debates on the measurement of global poverty / ed. by Sudhir Anand, Paul Segal, and Joseph E. Stiglitz.

  • (2010) The initiative for policy dialogue series; XVII, 446 S.
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  • Improving measurement of Latin American inequality and poverty with an eye to equitable growth policy / Albert Berry.
    (2010) In: Debates on the measurement of global poverty. – 2010, S. 263-299.

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Measuring poverty in a growing world (or measuring growth in a poor world) / Angus Deaton.

  • Measuring poverty in a growing world (or measuring growth in a poor world) / Angus Deaton.
    (2010) In: Debates on the measurement of global poverty. – Oxford [u.a.]. – 2010, S. 187-224.

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Recent employment situation and labor market developments in Bangladesh / Md. Habibur Rahman, Sayera Younus and Md. Sakhawat Hossain.

  • Recent employment situation and labor market developments in Bangladesh / Md. Habibur Rahman, Sayera Younus and Md. Sakhawat Hossain.
    (2009) In: The global journal of finance and economics. – New Delhi. – Bd. 6.2009, 2, (Sep.2009) S. 173-184.

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The Mozambican PRSP initiative : moorings, usage and future / Lars Buur.
This paper analyses the seemingly uncontroversial public life of the PRSP approach in Mozambique and suggests that it embodies much of the Frelimo government’s thinking about development since independence, though obviously ‘packaged’ to fit international donor discourses as they continually change. The PRSP is therefore not an outright ‘imposition’ on the Frelimo government or necessarily a ‘challenge’ to its sovereignty, as it is often argued. In general we argue that the PRSP became over time a broad ‘consensus document’ because it came to potentially incorporate ‘all’ stakeholders needs and wishes. We argue that after the political turbulence of the 1980s and 1990s with privatisation and structural adjustments, the PRSP allowed for different elite groups to find common ground with regard to ideological and party-preserving concerns, as social and market-economic trade-offs could now be legitimately accommodated.

  • The Mozambican PRSP initiative : moorings, usage and future / Lars Buur.
    (2009) IIS/GI. Kongevej working paper ; 2009,35; Online-Ressource (44 S., 552 KB).

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Renewed growth and poverty reduction in Zambia / Arne Bigsten; Sven Tengstam.

  • Renewed growth and poverty reduction in Zambia / Arne Bigsten; Sven Tengstam.
    (2009) Working papers in economics / Department of Economics, Göteborg University ; 424; Online-Ressource (38 S., 289 KB).

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Growth, poverty and inequality in Ethiopia : which way for pro-poor growth? / Alemayehu Geda, Abebe Shimeles and John Weeks.

  • Growth, poverty and inequality in Ethiopia : which way for pro-poor growth? / Alemayehu Geda, Abebe Shimeles and John Weeks.
    (2009) In: Journal of international development. – Chichester. – Bd. 21.2009, 7, (Okt.2009) S. 947-970.

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The new poverty agenda in Ghana : what impact? / Lindsay Whitfield.
This paper describes and explains the impact of the international-driven ‘New Poverty Agenda’ in Ghana, focusing on the impact of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) adopted by the New Patriotic Party government in power from 2001 until 2008. The paper argues that the New Poverty Agenda has had some impacts, but not they have been limited and not necessarily helpful in achieving long term poverty reduction. The PRSP was seen by the government in Ghana as necessary to secure debt relief and donor resources, and the strategies produced by the government contained broad objectives rather than concrete strategies on how to achieve those objectives and thus had little impact on government actions. The paper discusses what was actually implemented under the NPP government and the factors influencing those actions. It highlights the constraints Ghanaian governments face in pursuing economic transformation within contemporary domestic and international contexts.

  • The new poverty agenda in Ghana : what impact? / Lindsay Whitfield.
    (2009) IIS/GI. Kongevej working paper ; 2009,15; Online-Ressource (30 S., 471 KB).

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The new poverty agenda in Uganda / Anne Mette Kjær and Fred Muhumuza.

  • The new poverty agenda in Uganda / Anne Mette Kjær and Fred Muhumuza.
    (2009) IIS/GI. Kongevej working paper ; 2009,14; Online-Ressource (30 S., 397 KB).

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Perception, causes of poverty, poverty alleviation programmes, and sustainable growth in the Niger-Delta, Nigeria / Reuben A. Alabi, Sifawu O. Abu, and Moses I. Ailemen.

  • Perception, causes of poverty, poverty alleviation programmes, and sustainable growth in the Niger-Delta, Nigeria / Reuben A. Alabi, Sifawu O. Abu, and Moses I. Ailemen.
    (2009) In: New growth and poverty alleviation strategies for Africa. – 2009, S. 411-445.

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The macroeconomics of development and poverty reduction : strategies beyond the Washington consensus / Jan Priewe; Hansjörg Herr.

  • The macroeconomics of development and poverty reduction : strategies beyond the Washington consensus / Jan Priewe; Hansjörg Herr.
    (2005) 1. Aufl. – Baden-Baden; 311 S.

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Microfinance in developing countries : accomplishments, debates, and future directions / Richard L. Meyer and Geetha Nagarajan.

  • Microfinance in developing countries : accomplishments, debates, and future directions / Richard L. Meyer and Geetha Nagarajan.
    (2006) In: Agricultural finance review. – Ithaca, NY. – Bd. 66.2006, 2, S. 167-193.

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New growth and poverty alleviation strategies for Africa : international and regional perspectives / Karl Wohlmuth … (eds.).

  • (2008) African development perspectives yearbook ; 13; XXIII, 606, III S.
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  • New growth and poverty alleviation strategies for Afica : international research trends / Tino Urban.
    (2008) In: New growth and poverty alleviation strategies for Africa. – 2008, S. 585-606.

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Conceptualisations of poverty / Lars Engberg-Pedersen; Helle Munk Ravnborg.
Poverty reduction initiatives should be comprehensive, relational and global in their outlook even though poverty itself is always concrete and experienced in the local context. This is the major idea underlying this DIIS Report. The Report provides a brief overview of contemporary work on conceptualisations of poverty. It outlines characteristics of multi-dimensional and relational approaches to poverty and it examines the increased concern with the relation of inequality to poverty. The Report also touches upon current social, political and economic changes that have significant implications for poverty and the efforts to combat it. Finally, it indicates how different conceptualisations create different dilemmas for poverty reduction activities.

  • Conceptualisations of poverty / Lars Engberg-Pedersen; Helle Munk Ravnborg.
    (2010) DIIS Reports / Danish Institute for International Studies ; 2010,01; Online-Ressource (26 S., 646 KB).

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Social policy and poverty in East Asia : the role of social security / ed. by James Midgley and Kwong-leung Tang.

  • Social policy and poverty in East Asia : the role of social security / ed. by James Midgley and Kwong-leung Tang.
    (2010) Routledge research on public and social policy in Asia ; 3; XIV, 202 S.

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Armutspolitik

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Mikrofinanzierung

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Wachstumspolitik

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