Vorbereitet sein auf umweltbedingte Migration

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2010

Global warming will reduce the “carrying capacity” of ecosystems in large parts of the world – that is, their ability to provide food, water and shelter for the people who currently live there. The most widely cited estimate puts the number of people affected at 200 million individuals by 2050 – similar to the current total number of international labor migrants, and more than five times the number of refugees and internally displaced persons accounted for by the United Nations High Commission on Refugees (UNHCR).

In spite of the large number of people likely to be affected in the near future, the academic and policy communities so far have given little thought to how these people might find new homes and livelihoods.

Reluctance to tackle this issue reflects, in part, the potentially wide-ranging implications in international law of defining the status of an environmental refugee akin to that of a refugee from conflict or persecution.

Furthermore, environmental migration is a complex phenomenon. Only rarely will the impact of environmental degradation be as obvious as a farmer’s land being submerged by a rising sea level. More typically, local, regional, and international factors like population growth, soil degradation, higher temperatures, and extreme weather events will combine to threaten livelihoods. External or internal migration is one way in which individuals may respond to this threat: Either whole households leave affected areas or individual family members seek work elsewhere, giving the household an additional source of income.

  • How can opportunities for international labor migration be enhanced to help people to cope with the consequences of climate change and environmental degradation?
  • In what circumstances and to what degree are adaptation strategies substitutes for migration? Under what circumstances do we need an international regime for environmental migration?
  • If so, which international organization would be best placed to take care of it?
  • If people need to move, should they be directed primarily to high-income countries (where economic opportunities would be richer) or elsewhere within their own countries or neighboring countries (where integration might be easier)?
  • What are feasible strategies for creating jobs for large numbers of resettled individuals and how can the private sector contribute?
  • Should immigration regimes in high-income countries be readjusted to favor environmental migrants (rather than, say, the high-skilled)?
  • How can business and civil society help address the migration problems?
  • What policy framework would enable these groups to play an appropriate and effective role?

Literaturliste

Expert seminar : migration and the environment ; [this publication includes the materials fo the two-day Expert Seminar on Migration and the Environment organized by IOM with the co-sponsorship of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), held in Bangkok, Thailand on February 22 and 23, 2007] / International Organization for Migration ….
These are the proceedings of the 11th Nonmonotonic Reasoning Workshop. The aim of this series is to bring together active researchers in the broad area of nonmonotonic reasoning, including belief revision, reasoning about actions, planning, logic programming, argumentation, causality, probabilistic and possibilistic approaches to KR, and other related topics. As part of the program of the 11th workshop, we have assessed the status of the field and discussed issues such as: Significant recent achievements in the theory and automation of NMR; Critical short and long term goals for NMR; Emerging new research directions in NMR; Practical applications of NMR; Significance of NMR to knowledge representation and AI in general.

  • Expert seminar : migration and the environment ; [this publication includes the materials fo the two-day Expert Seminar on Migration and the Environment organized by IOM with the co-sponsorship of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), held in Bangkok, Thailand on February 22 and 23, 2007] / International Organization for Migration ….
    (2008) International dialogue on migration ; 10; 102 S.

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  • Yearbook of the Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization : Volume 3, 2005 ; [forty-fourth session held in Nairobi, Republic of Kenya from 27 June to 1 July 2005]
    (2006) New Delhi; XXI, 903 S.

    prüfen & bestellen Inhaltsverzeichnis Google
  • Proceedings of the 11th Workshop on Nonmonotonic Reasoning : [(NMR 2006) … in the Lake District area of the UK on May 30 – June 1, 2006.] / Jürgen Dix & Anthony Hunter [(eds.)].
    (2006) IfI technical report series ; 2006-04; 523 S.

    PDF-Volltext prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar BibliotheksVerbund Bayern Scirus - Elsevier
  • Managing modern organizations with information technology : 2005 Information Resources Management Association international conference, San Diego, California, USA / [ed.:] Mehdi Khosrow-Pour ; Vol. 1
    (2005) Hershey [u.a.]; 662 S.

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  • Proceedings / 37th CIRP International Seminar on Manufacturing Systems, May 19 – 21, 2004, Budapest, Ungarn : digital enterprises, production networks / Computer and Automation Research Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Ed. by László Monostori.
    (2004) Budapest; VII, 464 S.

    prüfen & bestellen Inhaltsverzeichnis WorldCat - Weltkatalog Google-Books BibliotheksVerbund Bayern
  • Current developments in library and information science : Papers presented in honour of Prof P N Kaula on his 71st birthday / Ed. P.P. Rawat ….
    (1998) Kaula series in library science ; 16; XLIV, 787 S.

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  • Proceedings of the Second International Seminar & Exhibition Geophysics Beyond 2000 : 15 – 20 November, 1996, Hotel Krishna Oberoi/Hotel Holiday Inn, Hyderabad, India / Association of Exploration Geophysicists.
    (1996) Hyderabad; 453 S.

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  • Proceedings of the Second International Seminar & Exhibition Geophysics Beyond 2000 : 15 – 20 November, 1996, Hotel Krishna Oberoi/Hotel Holiday Inn, Hyderabad, India / Association of Exploration Geophysicists.
    (1991) Frankfurt am Main; ca.600 S.

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  • Managing your DP Assets : proceedings; Share Europe anniversary meeting / SHARE European Association ; Vol. 2
    (1991) Carouge, Geneva; S. 525 – 1110.

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  • Managing your DP Assets : proceedings; Share Europe anniversary meeting / SHARE European Association ; Vol. 1.
    (1991) Carouge, Geneva; [24], 523 S.

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Rethinking climate refugees and climate conflict : rhetoric, reality and the politics of policy discourse / Betsy Hartmann.

  • Rethinking climate refugees and climate conflict : rhetoric, reality and the politics of policy discourse / Betsy Hartmann.
    (2010) In: Journal of international development. – Chichester. – Bd. 22.2010, 2, (Mar.2010) S. 233-246.

    prüfen & bestellen Zeitschrift verfügbar? Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

Accommodating migration to promote adaptation to climate change : background paper to the 2010 World Development Report / Jon Barnett; Michael Webber.

  • Accommodating migration to promote adaptation to climate change : background paper to the 2010 World Development Report / Jon Barnett; Michael Webber.
    (2010) Policy research working paper ; 5270; Online-Ressource (62 S.).

    PDF-Volltext Volltext prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar BibliotheksVerbund Bayern Scirus - Elsevier

Social dimensions of climate change : equity and vulnerability in a warming world / The World Bank. Robin Mearns …, eds..

  • Social dimensions of climate change : equity and vulnerability in a warming world / The World Bank. Robin Mearns …, eds..
    (2010) New frontiers of social policy; XXIII, 319 S.

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Mitigation and adaptation in agriculture, fisheries and forestry / Anthony Okon Nyong.

  • Mitigation and adaptation in agriculture, fisheries and forestry / Anthony Okon Nyong.
    (2009) In: Trade, climate change and sustainable development. – London. – 2009, S. 99-119.

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Climate change and migration : improving methodologies to estimate flows / prep. for IOM by Dominic Kniveton; Kerstin Schmidt-Verkerk; Christopher Smith and Richard Black.

  • Climate change and migration : improving methodologies to estimate flows / prep. for IOM by Dominic Kniveton; Kerstin Schmidt-Verkerk; Christopher Smith and Richard Black.
    (2008) IOM migration research series ; 33; 68 S.

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Conflict, disasters and no jobs : reasons for international migration from Sub-Saharan Africa / Wim Naudé.

  • Conflict, disasters and no jobs : reasons for international migration from Sub-Saharan Africa / Wim Naudé.
    (Oct. 2008) Research paper / UNU-WIDER ; 2008.85; Online-Ressource (23 S.).

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Migration, development and environment / by Graeme Hugo.

  • Migration, development and environment / by Graeme Hugo.
    (2008) IOM migration research series ; 35; 63 S.

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  • Conference programs / PDPTA ’99 / CISST ’99 / IC-AI ’99 : Monte Carlo Resort, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, June 28 – July 1, 1999.
    (1999) [S.l.]; 92 S.

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  • Environmental and coastal hydraulics: protecting the aquatic habitat / ed.: Sam S. Y. Wang … ; Vol. 1
    Congress of the International Association for Hydraulic Research ; 27; XXXII, 802 S.

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Path to development or road to nowhere : poverty, labour migration and environment linkages in developing countries / C. M. Marquette.

  • Path to development or road to nowhere : poverty, labour migration and environment linkages in developing countries / C. M. Marquette.
    (2007) CICRED policy paper ; 6; 27 S.

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Climatic change and rural-urban migration : the case of sub-Saharan Africa / Salvador Barrios, Luisito Bertinelli, Eric Strobl.

  • Climatic change and rural-urban migration : the case of sub-Saharan Africa / Salvador Barrios, Luisito Bertinelli, Eric Strobl.
    (2006) In: Journal of urban economics. – Bd. 60.2006, 3, (Nov.2006) S. 357-371.

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  • Climatic change and rural-urban migration : the case of Sub-Saharan Africa / Salavador Barrios, Luisito Bertinelli and Eric Strobl.
    (May 2006) CORE discussion paper ; 2006,46; Online-Ressource, 28 S., Text.

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Internationale Wanderung

    Wikipedia EyePlorer Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung Deeper Web GVK - Gemeinsamer Verbundkatalog Google-News Google-Blogs Bing-Video Standard-Thesaurus Wirtschaft Wirtschaftslexikon24 Gabler-Wirtschaftslexikon

Wesentliches Schlagwort: Klimaveränderung

    Wikipedia EyePlorer Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung Deeper Web GVK - Gemeinsamer Verbundkatalog Google-News Google-Blogs Bing-Video Standard-Thesaurus Wirtschaft Wirtschaftslexikon24 Gabler-Wirtschaftslexikon
Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2010

Global warming will reduce the “carrying capacity” of ecosystems in large parts of the world – that is, their ability to provide food, water and shelter for the people who currently live there. The most widely cited estimate puts the number of people affected at 200 million individuals by 2050 – similar to the current total number of international labor migrants, and more than five times the number of refugees and internally displaced persons accounted for by the United Nations High Commission on Refugees (UNHCR).

In spite of the large number of people likely to be affected in the near future, the academic and policy communities so far have given little thought to how these people might find new homes and livelihoods.

Reluctance to tackle this issue reflects, in part, the potentially wide-ranging implications in international law of defining the status of an environmental refugee akin to that of a refugee from conflict or persecution.

Furthermore, environmental migration is a complex phenomenon. Only rarely will the impact of environmental degradation be as obvious as a farmer’s land being submerged by a rising sea level. More typically, local, regional, and international factors like population growth, soil degradation, higher temperatures, and extreme weather events will combine to threaten livelihoods. External or internal migration is one way in which individuals may respond to this threat: Either whole households leave affected areas or individual family members seek work elsewhere, giving the household an additional source of income.

  • How can opportunities for international labor migration be enhanced to help people to cope with the consequences of climate change and environmental degradation?
  • In what circumstances and to what degree are adaptation strategies substitutes for migration? Under what circumstances do we need an international regime for environmental migration?
  • If so, which international organization would be best placed to take care of it?
  • If people need to move, should they be directed primarily to high-income countries (where economic opportunities would be richer) or elsewhere within their own countries or neighboring countries (where integration might be easier)?
  • What are feasible strategies for creating jobs for large numbers of resettled individuals and how can the private sector contribute?
  • Should immigration regimes in high-income countries be readjusted to favor environmental migrants (rather than, say, the high-skilled)?
  • How can business and civil society help address the migration problems?
  • What policy framework would enable these groups to play an appropriate and effective role?

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