Menschenhandel beenden

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2010

The exploitation and trafficking of men, women and children is a humanitarian problem of global scale. At least 12 million people worldwide are trapped in conditions of forced labor, a fifth of these are being exploited as a result of human trafficking. These forms of modern day slavery have become one of the most profitable and most horrifying businesses in the world. Human trafficking and coerced labor is said to be the fastest growing source of income for organized crime and its third most important, exceeded only by drugs and arms trade. A fundamental reason for trafficking and exploitation is the demand for cheap workers and prostitutes in both developing and developed countries. At the same time, there are millions of poor and vulnerable people who are willing to depart and seek a better life abroad. But, with closed borders, there are only few legal job opportunities in destination countries. This situation has created a breeding ground for smugglers, traffickers and exploitative employers willing to use force or restraint to make a profit.

Against this backdrop, this session seeks to answer the following questions:

  • Can the current anti-trafficking campaign have any real impact?
  • Are more severe trafficking laws and amnesties to trafficking victims helpful, or do they exacerbate the problem?
  • Could better information provision by both governments and businesses help, e.g., via overseas employment agencies, awareness campaigns, or migrant-tailored websites?
  • Do we need a new global agency, or public-private-partnerships in the fight against trafficking? Should emigration countries do more to protect their citizens abroad?
  • Finally, would open borders and more legal migration opportunities help mitigate the problem?

Literaturliste

The cost of coercion : global report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work ; International Labour Conference, 98th Session 2009, Report I (B) / International Labour Office.

  • The cost of coercion : global report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work ; International Labour Conference, 98th Session 2009, Report I (B) / International Labour Office.
    (2009) Report of the Director-General; X, 82 S.

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Forced labor : coercion and exploitation in the private economy / ed. by Beate Andrees; Patrick Belser.

  • (2009) Boulder, Colo. [u.a.]; XV, 229 S.
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  • Improving forced labor statistics / Patrick Belser and Michaelle de Cock.
    (2009) In: Forced labor. – 2009, S. 173-194.

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  • Empowering communities : lessons from Tamil Nadu, India / Isabelle Guérin, Caroline O’Reilly, Marc Roesch, Maria Sathya and G. Venkatasubramanian.
    (2009) In: Forced labor. – 2009, S. 151-171.

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  • Criminalizing human trafficking and protecting the victims / Rohit Malpani.
    (2009) In: Forced labor. – 2009, S. 129-149.

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  • Strengthening labor market governance against forced labor / Beate Andrees and Patrick Belser.
    (2009) In: Forced labor. – 2009, S. 109-127.

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  • Trafficking for forced labor in Europe / Beate Andrees.
    (2009) In: Forced labor. – 2009, S. 89-108.

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  • The legacy of slavery in Niger / Ali R. Sékou and Saidou Abdoulkarimou.
    (2009) In: Forced labor. – 2009, S. 71-87.

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  • Bonded labor in Pakistan / Ali Khan.
    (2009) In: Forced labor. – 2009, S. 51-70.

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  • Debt bondage and ethnic discrimination in Latin America / Eduardo Bedoya, Alvaro Bedoya and Patrick Belser.
    (2009) In: Forced labor. – 2009, S. 35-50.

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  • “Slave Labor” in Brazil / Leonardo Sakamoto.
    (2009) In: Forced labor. – 2009, S. 15-33.

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The entrapment of the poor into involuntary labor : understanding the worldwide practice of modern-day slavery / Adel S. Abadeer. With a foreword by Karl W. Schweizer.

  • The entrapment of the poor into involuntary labor : understanding the worldwide practice of modern-day slavery / Adel S. Abadeer. With a foreword by Karl W. Schweizer.
    (c 2008) Lewiston, NY [u.a.]; XI, 187 S.

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Evidence on women trafficked for sexual exploitation : a rights based analysis / Francesca Bettio; Tushar K. Nandi.

  • Evidence on women trafficked for sexual exploitation : a rights based analysis / Francesca Bettio; Tushar K. Nandi.
    (2010) In: European journal of law and economics. – Bd. 29.2010, 1, (Feb.2010) S. 15-42.

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  • Evidence on women trafficked for sexual exploitation : a rights based analysis / Francesca Bettio; Tushar K. Nandi.
    (2008) Quaderni del Dipartimento di Economia Politica ; 543; Online-Ressource (35 S.).

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Japanese aid and the construction of global development : inescapable solutions / ed. by David Leheny ….

  • (2010) Routledge contemporary Japan series ; 27; XIV, 312 S.
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  • Trafficking in persons : a multi-sited view of international norms and local responses / Kay B. Warren.
    (2010) In: Japanese aid and the construction of global development. – 2010, S. 217-232.

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As bad as it gets : well-being deprivation of sexually exploited trafficked women / Maria L. Di Tommaso; Isilda Shima; Steinar Strøm; Francesca Bettio.

  • As bad as it gets : well-being deprivation of sexually exploited trafficked women / Maria L. Di Tommaso; Isilda Shima; Steinar Strøm; Francesca Bettio.
    (2009) In: European journal of political economy. – Amsterdam [u.a.]. – Bd. 25.2009, 2, (Jun.2009) S. 143-162.

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Human trafficking for labour exploitation : a framework for implementation of the crime of human trafficking for labour exploitation as defined in the European Council framework decision in EU countries / Jill Coster van Voorhout.

  • Human trafficking for labour exploitation : a framework for implementation of the crime of human trafficking for labour exploitation as defined in the European Council framework decision in EU countries / Jill Coster van Voorhout.
    (2009) Utrecht ; VIII, 163 S.

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The economic drivers of human trafficking : micro-evidence from five Eastern European countries / Toman Omar Mahmoud; Christoph Trebesch.
Human trafficking is a humanitarian problem of global scale, but quantitative research on the issue barely exists. This paper is a first attempt to explore the economic drivers of human trafficking and migrant exploitation using micro data. We argue that migration pressure combined with informal migration patterns and incomplete information are the key determinants of human trafficking. To test our argument, we use a unique new dataset of 5513 households from Belarus, Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, and Ukraine. The main result is in line with our expectations: Migrant families in high migration areas and with larger migrant networks are much more likely to have a trafficked victim among their members. Our results also indicate that illegal migration increases trafficking risks and that awareness campaigns and a reduction of information asymmetries might be an effective strategy to reduce the crime. — Human trafficking ; migrant exploitation ; illegal migration ; migration networks ; Eastern Europe

  • The economic drivers of human trafficking : micro-evidence from five Eastern European countries / Toman Omar Mahmoud; Christoph Trebesch.
    (Febr. 2009) Kiel working paper ; 1480; Online-Ressource (24 S.).

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International human trade : a marketing analysis / Patriya Tansuhaj; Jim McCullough.

  • International human trade : a marketing analysis / Patriya Tansuhaj; Jim McCullough.
    (2008) In: Journal for global business advancement. – Olney, Bucks. – Bd. 1.2007/08, 2/3, S. 225-236.

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Human trafficking as the shadow of globalization : a new challenge for Ukraine / Olga Pyshchulina.

  • Human trafficking as the shadow of globalization : a new challenge for Ukraine / Olga Pyshchulina.
    (2008) In: Beyond states and markets. – London [u.a.]. – 2008, S. 122-139.

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Streetwalkers show the way : reframing the global debate on trafficking from sex workers’ perspectives / Nandinee Bandyopadhyay.

  • Streetwalkers show the way : reframing the global debate on trafficking from sex workers’ perspectives / Nandinee Bandyopadhyay.
    (2008) IDS working paper ; 309; 33 S.

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2005 year book on illegal migration, human smuggling, and trafficking in Central and Eastern Europe : a survey and analysis of border management and border apprehension data from 22 states / Peter Futo; Michael Jandl (eds.).

  • 2005 year book on illegal migration, human smuggling, and trafficking in Central and Eastern Europe : a survey and analysis of border management and border apprehension data from 22 states / Peter Futo; Michael Jandl (eds.).
    (2006) Yearbook on illegal migration, human smuggling, and trafficking in Central and Eastern Europe ; 9.2005; 238 S.

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Data and research on human trafficking : a global survey / ed. by Frank Laczko and Elzbieta Gozdziak.

  • Data and research on human trafficking : a global survey / ed. by Frank Laczko and Elzbieta Gozdziak.
    (2005) International migration / Special issue ; 2005,1; 363 S.

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  • Irregular migration : dynamics, impact, policy options / ed. by Dilek Çinar ….
    (2000) Eurosocial reports ; 67; 277 S.

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The economics of labor coercion / Daron Acemoglu; Alexander Wolitzky.

  • The economics of labor coercion / Daron Acemoglu; Alexander Wolitzky.
    (2009) Working paper series / Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Economics ; 09,31; Online-Ressource (59 S.).

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  • The economics of labor coercion / Daron Acemoglu; Alexander Wolitzky.
    (2009) Cambridge, Mass.; 59 S.

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Fighting forced labour : the example of Brazil / Patricía Trindade Maranhão Costa.

  • Fighting forced labour : the example of Brazil / Patricía Trindade Maranhão Costa.
    (2009) Geneva; XVII, 122 S.

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India’s unfree workforce : of bondage old and new / ed. by Jan Breman ….

  • India’s unfree workforce : of bondage old and new / ed. by Jan Breman ….
    (2009) New Delhi [u.a.]; VI, 399 S.

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Menschenhandel

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Zwangsarbeit

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