Klimawandel und wirtschaftliche Entwicklung

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2010

Climate change poses the serious challenge of carbon dioxide emission reduction. Emission control by developing countries is becoming a key for effective mitigation of climate change, as those countries now account for more than a half of global emissions and are still expanding their energy infrastructure. Substantial emission reduction in developing countries would require strong policy commitments and subsequent investments in a green economy. Some highly efficient, emission-saving production technologies could already be implemented without technical complexities. The challenge is therefore how to bring these technologies to countries that do not have the financial means to invest in them. The successful implementation could generate a “triple dividend,” that is, energy saving, emission reduction and job creation. In this sense climate change can be seen as a chance for economic development in these countries.

Meanwhile, climate experts indicate that the damages of climate change will fall disproportionately on developing countries and particularly on the poor, which are the most vulnerable and least able to adapt. Those damages could inhibit economic development. The World Bank estimates that developing countries will need $145–$175 billion for mitigation and $30–$100 billion for adaptation annually by the year 2030. However, the amount of international funding is currently $9 billion for both measures combined.

There are two areas in which we need international solutions. The first is how to promote implementation of efficient technologies in developing countries. The second one is how to finance the adaption to climate change in developing countries. The first part can be solved not only on the political level, but to a high degree on a business level, particularly by multinational firms.

  • How can we encourage the business sector in implementation of efficient technologies?
  • What will be effective ways of public-private partnerships to achieve the goal?

In order to solve the second part, there is a need for intensified communication between politics and development partners.

  • How can we guarantee such communication given the multiplicity of institutions involving development assistance, which include bilateral aid organizations as well as multilateral ones such as UN institutions?
  • Also, how should we set priorities in the distribution of funds (e.g., finding a balance between financial support of climate change adaptation and conventional development aid, streamlining funding bodies for climate change adaptation and for other types of development assistance)?

Literaturliste

Development and climate change / The World Bank.

  • Development and climate change / The World Bank.
    (2010) World development report ; 32.2010; XXI, 417 S.

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Mainstreaming climate change in development cooperation : theory, practice and implications for the European Union / ed. by Nicolien van der Grijp ….
Growing up — Formal education — Serendipity and international careers — From 1945 through the 1950s : hope held high — The 1960s : widening development avenues — The 1970s : creativity confronts geopolitics — The 1980s : development frustrated — The 1990s and the dawn of the twenty-first century : renaissance and reform? — A revolutionary idea : the international civil service — The power of ideas and people inside the UN — Blending outside intellectual energies — The legacy and future intellectual challenges

  • Mainstreaming climate change in development cooperation : theory, practice and implications for the European Union / ed. by Nicolien van der Grijp ….
    (2010) Cambridge [u.a.]; XIX, 347 S.

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  • UN voices : the struggle for development and social justice / Thomas G. Weiss ….
    (c2005) United Nations intellectual history project; XX, 520 S.

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Climate change, mitigation, and developing country growth / Michael Spence.

  • Climate change, mitigation, and developing country growth / Michael Spence.
    (2009) Working paper / Commission on Growth and Development ; 64; VII, 40 S.

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Trade, climate change and sustainable development : key issues for small states, least developed countries and vulnerable economies / ed. by Moustapha Kamal Gueye ….

  • (2009) London; XII, 180 S.
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  • Competitiveness and border measures / Thomas L. Brewer.
    (2009) In: Trade, climate change and sustainable development. – 2009, S. 121-146.

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  • Mitigation and adaptation in agriculture, fisheries and forestry / Anthony Okon Nyong.
    (2009) In: Trade, climate change and sustainable development. – 2009, S. 99-119.

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  • Technologies / Paul Waide.
    (2009) In: Trade, climate change and sustainable development. – 2009, S. 67-97.

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  • Trade and transport / Keith Nurse.
    (2009) In: Trade, climate change and sustainable development. – 2009, S. 49-66.

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  • Responses to trade and adaptation challenges / Vicente Yu.
    (2009) In: Trade, climate change and sustainable development. – 2009, S. 21-48.

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  • Introduction: key issues for smaller developing countries / Ivan Mbirimi.
    (2009) In: Trade, climate change and sustainable development. – 2009, S. 13-19.

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The Economics of Climate Change Mitigation : Policies and Options for Global Action beyond 2012

  • The Economics of Climate Change Mitigation : Policies and Options for Global Action beyond 2012
    (2009) Paris

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  • The economics of climate change mitigation : policies and options for global action beyond 2012 / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
    (2009) Paris; 301 S.

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The economics and politics of climate change / ed. by Dieter Helm ….

  • (2009) Oxford [u.a.]; XXIV, 538 S.
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  • Docking into a global carbon market : clean investment budgets to finance low-carbon economic development / Gernot Wagner; Nathaniel Keohane; Annie Petsonk; James S. Wang.
    (2009) In: The economics and politics of climate change. – 2009, S. 385-408.

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The climate challenge : 101 solutions to global warming / Guy Dauncey.

  • The climate challenge : 101 solutions to global warming / Guy Dauncey.
    (c2009) The Solutions Project; xi, 307 p.

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Climate negotiations and development : how can low-income countries gain from a climate negotiation framework agreement? / Nicola Cantore, Leo Peskett and Dirk Willem te Velde.

  • Climate negotiations and development : how can low-income countries gain from a climate negotiation framework agreement? / Nicola Cantore, Leo Peskett and Dirk Willem te Velde.
    (2009) Working paper / Overseas Development Institute ; 312; Online-Ressource (VII, 19 S. = 274 KB).

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Natural resource tenure, environment and climate change

  • Natural resource tenure, environment and climate change
    (2009) In: Natural resource tenure. – Stockholm. – 2009, S. 33-37.

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Twenty-first century macroeconomics : responding to the climate challenge / ed. by Jonathan M. Harris ….

  • (2009) Cheltenham [u.a.]; XXII, 332 S.
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  • The right to development in a climate-constrained world / Paul Baer, Tom Athanasiou and Sivan Kartha.
    (2009) In: Twenty-first century macroeconomics. – 2009, S. 75-112.

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Climate change and sustainable development : new challenges for poverty reduction / ed. by M. A. Mohamed Salih.

  • Climate change and sustainable development : new challenges for poverty reduction / ed. by M. A. Mohamed Salih.
    (c2009) Cheltenham [u.a.]; XXIV, 311 S.

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  • Housing contruction : an interdisciplinary task / XXX IAHS World Congress on Housing; [Coimbra, 9 – 13 September 2002 ; Vol. 3
    (2002) Coimbra, Portugal; XXXI S., S. 1406-2144.

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  • Housing contruction : an interdisciplinary task / XXX IAHS World Congress on Housing; [Coimbra, 9 – 13 September 2002 ; Vol. 2
    (2002) Coimbra, Portugal; XXXI S., S. 730-1392.

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  • Housing contruction : an interdisciplinary task / XXX IAHS World Congress on Housing; [Coimbra, 9 – 13 September 2002 ; Vol. 1
    (2002) Coimbra, Portugal; XXXI, 715 S.

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Climate change and Africa / written by Estherine Fotabong and Brian Ngo.

Climate change and global poverty : a billion lives in the balance? / Lael Brainard; Abigail Jones; Nigel Purvis, eds..
Discusses how climate solutions must empower global development by improving livelihoods, health, and economic prospects and how poverty alleviation must become a central strategy for reducing global vulnerability to adverse climate impacts. Draws on expertise to ask how public, private sectors can help the poor manage the global climate crisis – Provided by publisher

  • Climate change and global poverty : a billion lives in the balance? / Lael Brainard; Abigail Jones; Nigel Purvis, eds..
    (2009) Washington, DC; VIII, 299 S.

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Financial impacts of climate change : an overview of climate change-related actions in the European Commission’s development cooperation / Arno Behrens.

  • Financial impacts of climate change : an overview of climate change-related actions in the European Commission’s development cooperation / Arno Behrens.
    (2008) CEPS working document ; 305; I, 22 S.

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Mainstreaming climate adaptation into development assistance in Mozambique : institutional barriers and opportunities / Diana Sietz; Maria Boschütz; Richard JT Klein; Alexander Lotsch.

  • Mainstreaming climate adaptation into development assistance in Mozambique : institutional barriers and opportunities / Diana Sietz; Maria Boschütz; Richard JT Klein; Alexander Lotsch.
    (Sept. 2008) Policy research working paper ; 4711; Online-Ressource, 28 S., Text.

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Bridge Over Troubled Waters: Linking Climate Change and Development
This book is the product of a collaborative effort between the OECD Environment and Development Co-operation directorates on mainstreaming responses to climate change in development planning and assistance. This volume synthesises insights from six country case studies that review climate change impacts and vulnerabilities, analyse relevant national plans and aid investments in terms of their exposure and attention to climate risks, and examine in-depth key systems where climate change is closely intertwined with development and natural resource management. The case studies cover the Nepal Himalayas, Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, the Nile in Egypt, the Bangladesh Sundarbans, coastal mangroves in Fiji, and agriculture and forestry sectors in Uruguay.

  • Bridge Over Troubled Waters: Linking Climate Change and Development
    (2005) Paris

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  • Bridge over troubled waters : linking climate change and development / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. [Ed. Shardul Agrawala].
    (2005) Paris; Online-Ressource (153 S.).

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  • Bridge over troubled waters : linking climate change and development / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. [Ed. Shardul Agrawala].
    (c 2005) Paris; 153 S.

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Lessons from conditionality provisions for south-north cooperation on climate change / Maike Sippel and Karsten Neuhoff.

  • Lessons from conditionality provisions for south-north cooperation on climate change / Maike Sippel and Karsten Neuhoff.
    (2008) EPRG ; 0825; Online-Ressource (PDF-Datei: 25 S.).

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International markets for greenhouse gas emission reduction policies – possibilities for integrating developing countries / Kirsten Halsnæs, Anne Olhoff.

  • International markets for greenhouse gas emission reduction policies – possibilities for integrating developing countries / Kirsten Halsnæs, Anne Olhoff.
    (2005) In: Energy policy. – Oxford. – Bd. 33.2005, 18, S. 2313-2325.

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Building institutions to address air pollution in developing countries: the CAP and trade approach / by Joe Kruger, Katherine Grover, and Jeremy Schreifels.

  • Building institutions to address air pollution in developing countries: the CAP and trade approach / by Joe Kruger, Katherine Grover, and Jeremy Schreifels.
    (2004) In: Greenhouse gas emissions trading and project-based mechanisms. – Paris. – S. 91-102.

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Country stakes in climate change negotiations : two dimensions of vulnerability / Piet Buys; Uwe Deichmann; Craig Meisner; Thao Ton That; David Wheeler.

  • Country stakes in climate change negotiations : two dimensions of vulnerability / Piet Buys; Uwe Deichmann; Craig Meisner; Thao Ton That; David Wheeler.
    (2009) In: Climate policy. – Bd. 9.2009, 3, S. 288-305.

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  • Country stakes in climate change negotiations : two dimensions of vulnerability / Piet Buys; Uwe Deichmann; Craig Meisner; Thao Ton That; David Wheeler.
    (Aug. 2007) Policy research working paper ; 4300; Online-Ressource, 95 S., Text.

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Carbon markets and beyond : the limited role of prices and taxes in climate and development policy / Frank Ackerman.

  • Carbon markets and beyond : the limited role of prices and taxes in climate and development policy / Frank Ackerman.
    (2008) United Nations publication; IX, 11 S.

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Greenhouse gas emission reduction under the Kyoto Protocoll : the South African example / John Luiz; Eugene Muller.

  • Greenhouse gas emission reduction under the Kyoto Protocoll : the South African example / John Luiz; Eugene Muller.
    (2008) In: International business and economics research journal. – Littleton, Colo.. – Bd. 7.2008, 1, (Jan.2008) S. 75-92.

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Meeting the Kyoto targets : the importance of developing country participation / ZhongXiang Zhang.

  • Meeting the Kyoto targets : the importance of developing country participation / ZhongXiang Zhang.
    (2004) In: Journal of policy modeling. – Bd. 26.2004, 1, S. 3-19.

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  • Meeting the Kyoto targets : the importance of developing country participation / Zhong Xiang Zhang.
    (2001) Milano; 22 S.

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Entwicklungsländer

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Klimaveränderung

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Regionale Aspekte: Welt – Klimaveränderung

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