Gemeinnütziges Handeln und Social Entrepreneurship in Zeiten der Finanzmarktkrise

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2010

The financial crisis in the western financial system seems to have past its apex and the banking system, especially certain large investment banks, appear in nearly rude health. However, the cost of the rescue has been borne by governments, or more specifically the taxpayer. Moreover, the deep recession caused by the meltdown has severely depressed corporate profits, reducing tax intake, and government efforts to stimulate the economies has seriously depleted fiscal reserves. A number of western countries (and the Euro) have been pushed to the brink of collapse, with many European countries in serious state, owing to governments’ financial positions and the response of bond, currency and share markets. As actions unfold to cope with the crisis, citizens in countries such as Latvia, Iceland and Greece have engaged in mounting civil unrest. Domestic tranquillity is threatened as the extent of public service delivery and state welfare systems are likely to be reduced.

Into this brink step social businesses and enterprises. Introduced conceptually to last year’s GES, these organisations contain considerable advantages in public service deliery—especiallywith respect to funding and input costs, especially labour. They deploy their creativity, skills and hard work to utilize the methodology of capitalism for social outcomes. However, the sector, though it has grown fast is still very small; at best 5-10% of GDP. Although its activities save governments millions in expenditure, this benefit is hard to capture and incentivizing its generation is problematic. Moreover, many social enterprises have relied on governmental largesse, and the financial structures in which they reside have been highly subsidized.

How can the sector see its scale increase massively, for the public benefit, while at the same time reducing its state reliance, or becoming a net contributor to the public purse?

This raises important questions, including:

  • What role can private capital flows play in social investment, and how can this be encouraged or facilitated?
  • The corporate sector is already fostering social innovation; how can this be accelerated?
  • What can governments do from a legal and fiscal perspective that is revenue neutral or better to address problems in poverty alleviation, transport infrastructure, health, education and training, criminal justice, the environment and welfare provision?
  • Are academia, civil society and the nongovernmental organization (NGO) sector promoting socially entrepreneurial solutions? How can this be made more effective?

Literaturliste

European Societies in Transition : Social Development and Social Work / Dan Sandu (Ed.).

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    prüfen & bestellen Inhaltsverzeichnis WorldCat - Weltkatalog Google-Books BibliotheksVerbund Bayern
  • Social economy : a new approach in the European discourse about social inclusion? / Piotr Salustowicz.
    (2010) In: European Societies in Transition. – 2010, S. 277-290.

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The worldwide making of the social economy : innovations and changes / Jacques Defourny … (eds.).

  • (2009) Leuven [u.a.]; 293 S.
    prüfen & bestellen Inhaltsverzeichnis WorldCat - Weltkatalog Google-Books BibliotheksVerbund Bayern
  • The social economy : the worldwide making of a third sector / Jacques Defourny and Patrick Develtere.
    (2009) In: The worldwide making of the social economy. – 2009, S. 15-40.

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Understanding the social economy, social capital and the third sector / Simon Bridge, Brendan Murtagh and Ken O’Neill.

  • Understanding the social economy, social capital and the third sector / Simon Bridge, Brendan Murtagh and Ken O’Neill.
    (c 2009) Basingstoke, Hampshire [u.a.]; XIV, 306 S.

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Why responsible investment falls short of its purpose and what to do about it / Carlos Joly.

  • Why responsible investment falls short of its purpose and what to do about it / Carlos Joly.
    (2010) In: Corporate governance. – Bradford. – Bd. 10.2010, 1, S. 18-32.

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Entrepreneurship : too risky to let loose in a stormy climate? / David Rae.

  • Entrepreneurship : too risky to let loose in a stormy climate? / David Rae.
    (2009) In: The international journal of entrepreneurship and innovation. – London. – Bd. 10.2009, 2, (Mai.2009) S. 137-147.

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The global crisis, social protection and jobs / Joseph Stiglitz.

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    (2009) In: International labour review. – Oxford [u.a.]. – Bd. 148.2009, 1/2, (Jun.2009) S. 1-13.

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Ethics: the key to credibility / Felippe Araujo.

The social impact of the Asian financial crisis / ed. by Yun-Peng Chu; Hal Hill.

  • The social impact of the Asian financial crisis / ed. by Yun-Peng Chu; Hal Hill.
    (2001) Cheltenham [u.a.: Elgar; XVIII, 258 S.

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The meaning of “social safety nets” / Srawooth Paitoonpong; Shigeyuki Abe; Nipon Puopongsakorn.

  • The meaning of “social safety nets” / Srawooth Paitoonpong; Shigeyuki Abe; Nipon Puopongsakorn.
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Innovations in health system finance in developing and transitional economies / ed. by Dov Chernichovsky …… ….

  • (2009) Advances in health economics and health services research ; 21; XXI, 338 S.
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  • Protecting pro-poor health services during financial crises : lessons from experience / Pablo Gottret; Vaibhav Gupta; Susan Sparkes; Ajay Tandon; Valerie Moran ….
    (2009) In: Innovations in health system finance in developing and transitional economies. – 2009, S. 23-53.

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Mind, society, and human action : time and knowledge in a theory of social economy / Richard E. Wagner.

  • Mind, society, and human action : time and knowledge in a theory of social economy / Richard E. Wagner.
    (2010) Routledge foundations of the market economy ; 29; XV, 208 S.

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  • Eleanor’s victory : in 2 vol. / by M. E. Braddon ; 1 (1863)
    (1863) Leipzig

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Measuring the social economy in the framework of the national accounts / Sybille Mertens.

  • Measuring the social economy in the framework of the national accounts / Sybille Mertens.
    (2009) In: The worldwide making of the social economy. – 2009, S. 41-53.

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Social innovation, the social economy and world economic development : democracy and labour rights in an era of globalization / Hrsg. Denis Harrisson; Hrsg. György Széll; Hrsg. Reynald Bourque.

  • (2009) Arbeit, Bildung & Gesellschaft /Labour, Education & Society ; 17; X, 471 S.
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  • The social economy : a “new” tool at the service of the battle for employment / Maria Teresa de Sousa.
    (2009) In: Social innovation, the social economy and world economic development. – 2009, S. 29-50.

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Current themes in social economy research / ed. by F. Fecher ….

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Social economy and social responsibility : alternatives to global anarchy of neoliberalism? / Ursa Golob, Klement Podnar and Marko Lah.

  • Social economy and social responsibility : alternatives to global anarchy of neoliberalism? / Ursa Golob, Klement Podnar and Marko Lah.
    (2009) In: International journal of social economics. – Bradford. – Bd. 36.2009, 5/6, S. 626-640.

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Paid and Unpaid Labour in the Social Economy : An International Perspective / edited by Marco Musella, Sergio Destefanis.

  • Paid and Unpaid Labour in the Social Economy : An International Perspective / edited by Marco Musella, Sergio Destefanis.
    (2009) AIEL Series in Labour Economics; Online-Ressource.

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  • Paid and unpaid labour in the social economy : an international perspective / Sergio Destefanis; Marco Musella, eds..
    (2009) AIEL Series in Labour Economics; XIV, 262 S.

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Finanzmarktkrise

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Gemeinwirtschaft

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