Befriedigung der zunehmenden weltweiten Lebensmittelnachfrage

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2010

It is becoming increasingly difficult to satisfy the rising global demand for food in a sustainable manner. A number of reasons contribute to the uncertainty in our ability to meet the food demand of an increasing world population: the average living standard of the population is rising, land use is shifting from agriculture to urban and industrial uses, the production of nonfood crops for bio-fuels is on the rise, investments in increasing agricultural productivity are growing slowly, water and arable land are increasingly becoming scarce and global warming is making it more difficult to produce food in various poor countries. Moreover, the food price crisis of 2008 added fuel to the fire and put food security on top of the policy agenda.

At the heart of the food security agenda lies water scarcity as irrigated agriculture accounts for 50 percent of the total crop production in the World. Many countries, especially in North-Africa, Near East and East Asia have already reached critical levels of water scarcity, which is expected to get worse with the forces mentioned above.

There are various ways of tackling the entangled problems of water scarcity and food security:

  • How can existing water management policies (e.g., subsidies for water in many countries) be modified to give incentives for conservation?
  • What is the role of “international land deals” in addressing the water and food security problems?
  • Do we need an international institution to make sure these deals benefit both the investing and recipient countries?
  • How can businesses contribute to better management of water resources, both through their involvement in new land deals and industrial production?
  • How can the global trade system be made more reliable and predictable in order to provide a dependable market for food?
  • How can international organizations, such as the CGIAR and the FAO, work with local governmentsto create ways to increase agricultural productivity in water stressed areas?
  • What is the role of GM technology in making dryland and saline agriculture technologies feasible?
  • Do large scale investments such as desalinization projects provide a solution to water scarcity, or do they divert attention from improving the existing institutional and political structures to better manage our existing water resources?

Literaturliste

Global change : impacts on water and food security ; with 31 figures and 34 tables / Claudia Ringler … (ed.).

  • (2010) Water resources development and management; XV, 265 S.
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  • Global water and food security: megatrends and emerging issues / Mark W. Rosegrant, Sarah A. Cline, and Rowena A. Valmonte-Santos.
    (2010) In: Global change. – 2010, S. 17-47.

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Implications of global climatic change on water and food security / P. K. Aggarwal and A. K. Singh.

  • Implications of global climatic change on water and food security / P. K. Aggarwal and A. K. Singh.
    (2010) In: Global change. – 2010, S. 49-63.

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The politics of food : the global conflict between food security and food sovereignty / William D. Schanbacher.

  • The politics of food : the global conflict between food security and food sovereignty / William D. Schanbacher.
    (c 2010) Santa Barbara, Calif. [u.a.]; XVII, 148 S.

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Climate Change and Food Security : Adapting Agriculture to a Warmer World / edited by David Lobell, Marshall Burke.

  • Climate Change and Food Security : Adapting Agriculture to a Warmer World / edited by David Lobell, Marshall Burke.
    (2010) Advances in Global Change Research ; 37; Online-Ressource.

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  • Climate change and food security : adapting agriculture to a warmer world / David Lobell; Marshall Burke (Eds.).
    (2010) 1. Aufl. – Advances in global change research ; 37. – Dordrecht; 199 S.

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Revisiting the global food architecture : lessons from the 2008 food crisis / Luc Christiaensen.

  • Revisiting the global food architecture : lessons from the 2008 food crisis / Luc Christiaensen.
    (2009) Discussion paper / World Institute for Development Economics ; 2009,4; Online-Ressource (PDF-Datei: 14 S.).

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  • Revisiting the global food architecture : lessons from the 2008 food crisis / Luc Christiaensen.
    (2009) In: Review of business and economics. – Bd. 54.2009, 3, (7/9.2009) S. 345-361.

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International agricultural trade liberalisation and food security : risks associated with a fully liberalised global marketplace / Stefan Wagner.

  • International agricultural trade liberalisation and food security : risks associated with a fully liberalised global marketplace / Stefan Wagner.
    (2009) In: Aussenwirtschaft. – Zürich. – Bd. 64.2009, 2, (Jun.2009) S. 139-165.

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Water for agriculture : maintaining food security under growing scarcity / Mark W. Rosegrant, Claudia Ringler, and Tingju Zhu.

  • Water for agriculture : maintaining food security under growing scarcity / Mark W. Rosegrant, Claudia Ringler, and Tingju Zhu.
    (2009) In: Annual review of environment and resources. – Palo Alto, Calif.. – Bd. 34.2009, S. 205-222.

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The poorest and hungry : assessments, analyses, and actions / Internat. Food Policy Research Inst. Ed. by Joachim von Braun, Ruth Vargas Hill, and Rajul Pandya-Lorch.

  • The poorest and hungry : assessments, analyses, and actions / Internat. Food Policy Research Inst. Ed. by Joachim von Braun, Ruth Vargas Hill, and Rajul Pandya-Lorch.
    (c 2009) Washington, DC; XV, 584 S.

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Enhancing food security and nutrition policy assistance : lessons from experience / Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations … Ed. by Jean Balié.
Literaturverz. S. 59 – 60

  • Enhancing food security and nutrition policy assistance : lessons from experience / Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations … Ed. by Jean Balié.
    (2009) Policy assistance series ; 5; IX, 70 S.

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  • Influencing policy processes : lessons from experience / by Materne Maetz; Jean Balié.
    (2008) Policy assistance series ; 4; XI, 113 S.

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The gene revolution and global food security : biotechnology innovation in latecomers / Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka; Padmashree Gehl Sampath.

  • The gene revolution and global food security : biotechnology innovation in latecomers / Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka; Padmashree Gehl Sampath.
    (2009) Basingstoke [u.a.]; XVII, 237 S.

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Corporate power in global agrifood governance / ed. by Jennifer Clapp and Doris Fuchs.

  • (c 2009) Food, health, and the environment; XIX, 308 S.
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  • Feeding the world? : Transnational corporations and the promotion of genetically modified food / Marc Williams.
    (2009) In: Corporate power in global agrifood governance. – 2009, S. 155-185.

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The food economy : global issues and challenges / edited by Frank Bunte and Hans Dagevos.

  • The food economy : global issues and challenges / edited by Frank Bunte and Hans Dagevos.
    (2009) 1. published. – Wageningen; 191 S.

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Facing global environmental change : environmental, human, energy, food, health and water security concepts ; [carefully revised papers from three workshops at ISA (Montreal), IPRA (Sopron) and the Fourth Pan European Conference on International Relations (The Hague) and additional commissioned papers] / Berghof Foundation. Hans Günter Brauch … (eds.).

  • (c 2009) Hexagon series on human and environmental security and peace ; 4; XLVIII, 1586 S.
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  • Governance of food security in the 21st century / M. A. Mohamed Salih.
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Agrobiodiversity conservation and economic development / ed. by Andreas Kontoleon, Unai Pascual and Melinda Smale.

  • (2009) Routledge explorations in environmental economics ; 11; XXII, 427 S.
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  • Do we have an adequate global strategy for securing the biodiversity of major food crops? / Melinda Smale, Peter Hazell, Toby Hodgkin and Cary Fowler.
    (2009) In: Agrobiodiversity conservation and economic development. – 2009, S. 40-50.

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The global governance of food / ed. by Sara R. Curran …..

  • The global governance of food / ed. by Sara R. Curran …..
    (2009) Rethinking globalizations ; 18; XII, 225 S.

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Food crises and the WTO : World Trade Forum / ed. by Baris Karapinar ….

  • (2010) Cambridge [u.a.]; XVIII, 365 S.
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  • Conclusions and policy recommendations / Baris Karapinar and Christian Häberli.
    (2010) In: Food crises and the WTO. – 2010, S. 323-346.

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  • Food security and WTO rules / Christian Häberli.
    (2010) In: Food crises and the WTO. – 2010, S. 297-322.

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  • Responses by the international trade and aid community to food security / Susan Prowse.
    (2010) In: Food crises and the WTO. – 2010, S. 273-296.

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  • Impact of the food crisis on developing countries and implications for agricultural trade policy / Michael Herrmann and Ralf H. Peters.
    (2010) In: Food crises and the WTO. – 2010, S. 242-272.

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  • WTO disciplines and economic dimensions of the 2008 US farm Bill / David Orden.
    (2010) In: Food crises and the WTO. – 2010, S. 220-241.

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  • The food crisis and the role of the EC’s common agricultural policy / Bernard O’Connor.
    (2010) In: Food crises and the WTO. – 2010, S. 187-219.

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  • Agricultural policies : past, present and prospective under Doha / Kym Anderson.
    (2010) In: Food crises and the WTO. – 2010, S. 167-186.

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  • Shift and swing factors and the special role of weather and climate / Josef Schmidhuber and Ira Matuschke.
    (2010) In: Food crises and the WTO. – 2010, S. 136-164.

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  • Rising food prices : causes, consequences and policy responses / Wayne Jones and Armelle Elasri.
    (2010) In: Food crises and the WTO. – 2010, S. 109-135.

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  • Solving the food crisis in Africa : achieving an African Green Revolution / Akinwumi A. Adesina.
    (2010) In: Food crises and the WTO. – 2010, S. 81-108.

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  • Globalisation of agriculture and food crises : then and now / Eugenio Díaz-Bonilla.
    (2010) In: Food crises and the WTO. – 2010, S. 49-80.

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  • The food price crisis, poverty and agricultural trade policy / Will Martin and Maros Ivanic.
    (2010) In: Food crises and the WTO. – 2010, S. 25-48.

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Food security, nutrition and sustainability / [ed. by] Geoffrey Lawrence, Kristen Lyons and Tabatha Wallington.

  • (2010) London [u.a.]; XXIV, 295 S.
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  • Introduction: Food security, nutrition and sustainability in a globalized world / Geoffrey Lawrence, Kristen Lyons and Tabatha Wallington.
    (2010) In: Food security, nutrition and sustainability. – 2010, S. 1-23.

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Food politics : what everyone needs to know / Robert Paarlberg.

  • Food politics : what everyone needs to know / Robert Paarlberg.
    (2010) Oxford [u.a.]; XIX, 218 S.

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Globalisierung

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Nahrungsmittelversorgung

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Regionale Aspekte: Welt – Globalisierung

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Regionale Aspekte: Welt – Nahrungsmittelversorgung

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