Aufbau von fragilen Staaten und Marktwirtschaften in Entwicklungsländern

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2010

The GES Working Group on State Building will have two related goals: first, to reach consensus on how the international community can best contribute to state building in developing countries; and second, based on that consensus, to propose a series of practical projects that the GES network can undertake.

State building — the strengthening of the legitimacy, robustness, and resilience of the state — has steadily marched up the international community’s agenda in recent years. Unfortunately, however, the most common state-building prescriptions — such as more aid, competitive elections, and economic reform — do not seem to work well in practice. The roots of state fragility lie in the combination of weak social cohesion and feeble state institutions. International action to combat fragility, therefore, should be first and foremost about encouraging institutional changes that foster a stronger sense of unity and a stronger sense of local ownership. Finding the right balance between decentralization and centralization is key, as is the use and development of indigenous capacities. Countries must be given the ability to solve their own problems.

The Working Group will recommend a series of practical, concrete measures that the GES network can take towards this end. Some proposals may focus on developing key “nodes” that promise to have multiplier effects across institutions: for example, establishing organizations that will improve the quality of governance, teaching, administration and management, and law. Other proposals may center on equalizing access to opportunity for the economically and politically disadvantaged and reducing inequities across groups and regions.

Any and all recommendations will be entertained provided they meet two criteria: they can be implemented by the GES network, and their implementation will help make states more inclusive, more cohesive, and more development-oriented.

Literaturliste

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Entwicklung

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Entwicklungsländer

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Good Governance

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