Aufbau von florierenden Unternehmen in Entwicklungs- und Niedrigeinkommensländern

Selected for the Global Economic Symposium 2010

Post-conflict economies and many low-income countries such as Bangladesh, Rwanda or Haiti offer prospects for high returns. The African continent illustrates this well: untapped economic potential abounds. New research shows that attractive profits are made across the continent (e.g., Collier & Warnholz, Harvard Business Review,2009). However, investment flows outside of oil and mining have remained scarce and have taken a direct hit during the financial crisis. This group of economies is locked in a pervasive disequilibrium sustained by low expectations, a dismal reputation, high entry barriers and poor information. The creation of steady employment in formal enterprises is central to economic development and stability. The few successful companies in these markets merit attention. Factors that depress investment today may unravel as credible evidence of profitability shifts collective expectations.

To fully exploit these potentially benign dynamics, a number of questions have to be addressed:

  • What strategies have made companies succeed where others have failed?
  • Why have some companies succeeded where others have failed?
  • Can a number of success stories change the economic landscape and inject new dynamism?
  • Can recent promotion efforts (e.g., Blair in Sierra Leone and Clinton in Haiti) pump-prime investment from ground zero?
  • What does this imply for economic policy and international assistance?
  • Are development banks too conservative to be relevant in risky fragile economies?
  • How can low-income countries credibly signal attractive business opportunities?
  • Will greater access to market information change entrenched negative perceptions of investors?
  • How can competitive special economic zones develop in fragile states?
  • Is there scope to reverse the marginalization of the poorest countries in the global economy?

Literaturliste

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Serving the world’s poor, profitably / C. K. Prahalad and Allen Hammond.

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Making poor nations rich : entrepreneurship and the process of economic development / [The Independent Institute]. Ed. by Benjamin Powell.

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Trade and poverty reduction in the Asia-Pacific Region : case studies and lessons from low-income communities / World Trade Organization … Ed. by Andrew L. Stoler ….

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Investment climate and FDI in developing countries : firm-level evidence / Tidiane Kinda.

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Post-crisis growth in developing countries : a special report of the Commission on Growth and Development on the implications of the 2008 financial crisis / Commission on Growth and Development ….

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The role of SMEs and entrepreneurship in a globalised economy / Zoltan J. Acs ….

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Global value chains, technology transfer and local firm upgrading in non-OECD countries / Juliane Brach; Robert Kappel.

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Small firm growth in developing countries / Simeon Nichter; Lara Goldmark.

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Overcoming the double hurdles to investing in technology : R&D activities of small firms in developing countries / Erol Taymaz; Ye¸sim Üçdogruk.

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SME development, economic growth, and government intervention in a developing country : the Indonesian story / Tulus Tambunan.

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Industrial policy and development : the political economy of capabilities accumulation / ed. by Mario Cimoli, Giovanni Dosi, and Joseph E. Stiglitz.

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Types of entrepreneurship and economic growth / Erik Stam and André van Stel.
In this paper, we empirically investigate the effect of entrepreneurship on economic growth at the country level. We use data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, which provides comparative data on entrepreneurship from a wide range of countries. An important element of this paper is that we compare the effects of entrepreneurial activity on economic growth in high income, transition and low income countries. This dataset also enables us to make a distinction between the effects of entrepreneurship in general and growth-oriented entrepreneurship in particular. We present empirical tests of the impact of entrepreneurial activity on GDP growth over a four year period for a sample of 36 countries. Our empirical analyses suggest that entrepreneurship does not have an effect on economic growth in low income countries, in contrast to transition and high income countries where especially growth-oriented entrepreneurship seems to contribute strongly to macroeconomic growth. — entrepreneurship ; growth-oriented entrepreneurship ; economic growth

  • Types of entrepreneurship and economic growth / Erik Stam and André van Stel.
    (2009) Working paper series / United Nations University, UNU-MERIT ; 2009,049; 22 S.

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  • Types of entrepreneurship and economic growth / Erik Stam and André van Stel.
    (2009) Research paper / UNU-WIDER ; 2009.47; Online-Ressource (16 S.).

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Entrepreneurship in developing countries / Zoltan Acs and Nicola Virgill.
This paper reviews the literature on economic development from import substitution to export promotion. It then examines the literature on entrepreneurship and economic development creating a framework for promoting development through demonstration effects, knowledge and information externalities and network externalities. It finished with an examination of public policies. — Development ; export substitution ; export promotion ; public policy

  • Entrepreneurship in developing countries / Zoltan Acs and Nicola Virgill.
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Lessons from the poor : triumph of the entrepreneurial spirit / ed. by Alvaro Vargas Llosa.

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MNC strategies and linkage effects in developing countries / Michael W. Hansen; Torben Pedersen; Bent Petersen.

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Serving low-income markets : rethinking multinational corporations’ strategies / Shuan SadreGhazi and Geert Duysters.

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The impact of multinational enterprise strategy on indigenous enterprises : horizontal spillovers and crowding out in developing countries / Jennifer W. Spencer.

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Africa rising : how 900 million African consumers offer more than you think / Vijay Mahajan.

  • Africa rising : how 900 million African consumers offer more than you think / Vijay Mahajan.
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Is investment in Africa low despite high profits? / Jean-Louis Warnholz.

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Lessons for African economies from Irish and East Asian industrial policy / David Bailey; Helena Lenihan; Ajit Singh.

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“First-mover” investment advantages in Sub-Saharan Africa : why Northern multinationals should react (quickly) to their Southern counterparts (Focus) / Harry G. Broadman.

  • “First-mover” investment advantages in Sub-Saharan Africa : why Northern multinationals should react (quickly) to their Southern counterparts (Focus) / Harry G. Broadman.
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Industrial upgrading in Sub-Saharan Africa : the competitive impact of China on supplier linkage development potentials of resident Asian entrepreneurs / by Abdelrasaq Nal & Mammo Muchie.

  • Industrial upgrading in Sub-Saharan Africa : the competitive impact of China on supplier linkage development potentials of resident Asian entrepreneurs / by Abdelrasaq Nal & Mammo Muchie.
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Private enterprise-driven growth and poverty alleviation in Africa / John Kuada.

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Direktinvestition

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Entwicklungsländer

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Multinationales Unternehmen

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Wesentliches Schlagwort: Unternehmer

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