Weltklimagipfel in Kopenhagen 2010

Am Ende der 15. Weltklimakonferenz wurde die „Kopenhagen-Vereinbarung“ in letzter Minute verlautbart. Von vielen Besorgten geschmäht, ist sie der erste konkrete Schritt der Weltgemeinschaft zur Bekämpfung des Klimawandels.

Lesen Sie weiter im Kommentar des Wirtschaftsdienst 1/2010


Was kann der Klimagipfel in Kopenhagen erreichen?

US-Klimaschutzpolitik nach der Wahl / Dieter Cansier.

Marktchancen durch die Anpassung an den Klimawandel / Michael von Hauff; Dirk Rübbelke.

Weichenstellung für den europäischen Emissionshandel / Eva Benz; Bodo Sturm.

Rahmenbedingungen für den Emissionsrechtehandel in Deutschland / Ulrike E. Berger-Kögler.

Folgen des Klimawandels : Versicherungspflicht wird unausweichlich! / Gert G. Wagner.

Marktwirtschaftliche Instrumente : Königsweg der Klimapolitik? / Jörg Adolf.

Wegweiser für die “Bali-Roadmap” : ökonomische Konzepte für die Klimaverhandlungen nach Bali / Andreas Löschel; Ulf Moslener; Klaus Rennings; Bodo Sturm.

Start für anspruchsvolles Klimaregime / Axel Michaelowa.

EU-Klimapolitik : stimmen die Ziele? / Margareta E. Kulessa.

CO2-Ablagerung und Wettbewerb im EU-Emissionshandelssystem / Sven Bode.

Climate policy and ancillary benefits : a survey and integration into the modelling of international negotiations on climate change / Karen Pittel and Dirk T. G. Rübbelke.
Currently informal and formal international negotiations on climate change take place in an intensive way since the Kyoto Protocol expires already in 2012. A post-Kyoto regulation to combat global warming is not yet stipulated. Due to rapidly increasing greenhouse gas emission levels, industrialized countries urge major polluters from the developing world like China and India to participate in a future agreement. Whether these developing countries will do so, depends on the prevailing incentives to participate in international climate protection efforts. This paper identifies ancillary benefits of climate policy to provide important incentives to attend a new international protocol and to positively affect the likelihood of accomplishing a post-Kyoto agreement which includes commitments of developing countries.

Erfolgsaussichten für Post-Kyoto-Abkommen unsicher / Sabine Schlacke.

  • (2009) In: Ifo-Schnelldienst. – München. – Bd. 62.2009, 19, (14.Okt.2009) S. 10-13. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

Finanzierungsoptionen für den globalen Klimaschutz / Hubertus Bardt.

  • (2009) In: Ifo-Schnelldienst. – München. – Bd. 62.2009, 19, (14.Okt.2009) S. 3-5. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

Beyond Kyoto, plan B : a climate policy master plan based on transparent metrics / Aviel Verbruggen.

  • (2009) In: Ecological economics. – Amsterdam [u.a.]. – Bd. 68.2009, 12, (15.Okt.2009) S. 2930-2937. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

The evolution of the CDM in a Post-2012 climate agreement / Christiana Figueres; Charlotte Streck.

  • (2009) In: The journal of environment & development. – Thousand Oaks, Calif.. – Bd. 18.2009, 3, S. 227-247. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

International environmental agreements : emissions trade, safety valves and escape clauses / Larry Karp; Jinhua Zhao.

Technology, unilateral commitments and cumulative emissions reduction / Shurojit Chatterji and Sayantan Ghosal.
In this article, we argue that weak property rights over transnational pollution and the limited threat of retaliatory punishments blunts the effectiveness of a broad-based multilateral agreement to deliver the emission reductions required to mitigate climate change. Instead, we propose a policy framework that builds on unilateral commitments, endogenous innovation and technology transfer that could lead to cumulative emissions reduction by altering the participation constraints of nations over time.

  • (2009) In: CESifo economic studies. – Oxford. – Bd. 55.2009, 2, (Jun.2009) S. 286-305. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

Finding a way forward : three critical issues for a post-Kyoto global agreement on climate change / Stephen Howes.

  • (2009) In: Indian growth and development review. – Bingley. – Bd. 2.2009, 1, S. 75-98. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

Rethinking global climate change governance / Scott Barrett.
This paper explains why the approach taken so far to mitigate global climate change has failed. The central reason is an inability to enforce targets and timetables. Current proposals recommending even stricter emission limits will not help unless they are able to address the enforcement deficit. Trade restrictions are one means for doing so, but trade restrictions pose new problems, particularly if they are applied to enforce economy-wide emission limitation agreements. This paper sketches a different approach that unpacks the climate problem, addressing different gases and sectors using different instruments. It also explains how a failure to address the climate problem fundamentally will only create incentives for different kinds of responses, posing different challenges for climate change governance. — Climate change ; Kyoto protocol: enforcement ; trade restrictions ; R&D

Challenges and opportunities of a post-Kyoto mitigation regime : a survey of the European electricity sector / Pablo del Río; Javier Carrillo-Hermosilla; Totti Könnölä; Carlos Garcia Suárez.

  • (2008) In: Mitigation and adaptation strategies for global change. – Dordrecht [u.a.]. – Bd. 13.2008, 8, (Okt.2008) S. 863-885. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

The global deal : climate change and the creation of a new era of progress and prosperity / Nicholas Stern.
Latest research findings show that failure to check mankind’s emissions of carbon dioxide will have severe consequences for the world’s oceans. The marine environment is doubly affected: continuing warming and ongoing acidification both pose threats. In combination with over-fishing, these two threats are further jeopardizing already weakened fish stocks. Sea-level rise is exposing coastal regions to mounting flood and hurricane risks. To keep the adverse effects on human society and ecosystems within manageable limits, it will be essential to adopt new coastal protection approaches, designate marine protected areas and agree on ways to deal with refugees from endangered coastal areas. All such measures, however, can only succeed if global warming and ocean acidification are combated vigorously. Ambitious climate protection is therefore a key precondition to successful marine conservation and coastal protection.

Modelling economic impacts of alternative international climate policy architectures : a quantitative and comparative assessment of architectures for agreement / Valentina Bosetti; Carlo Carraro; Alessandra Sgobbi; Massimo Tavoni.
This paper provides a quantitative comparison of the main architectures for an agreement on climate policy. Possible successors to the Kyoto protocol are assessed according to four criteria: economic efficiency; environmental effectiveness; distributional implications; and their political acceptability which is measured in terms of feasibility and enforceability. The ultimate aim is to derive useful information for designing a future agreement on climate change control. — Climate policy ; integrated modelling ; international agreements

  • (2008) CESifo working paper series ; 2417 : Resources and environment prüfen & bestellen 23 S.
  • (2008) Discussion paper series / Centre for Economic Policy Research ; 6995 : International trade and regional economics prüfen & bestellen 23 S.
  • (2008) CESifo working paper ; 2417 : Resources and environment PDF-Volltext Volltext prüfen & bestellen Online-Ressource (PDF-Datei: 23 S., 278 KB).

Bringing the Americans? : assessing EU and US post-Kyoto policies & options towards a Copenhagen Protocol in 2009 / Christian Hald-Mortensen.

  • (Aug. 2008) IIS/GI. Kongevej working paper ; 2008,19 PDF-Volltext prüfen & bestellen WorldCat - Weltkatalog Google-Books Online-Ressource, 60 S. = 350 KB, Text.

On politics and climate change : is EU 2020 climate change policy tilted toward western interests? / David Ellison.

  • (2008) In: Fejlesztés és finanszírozás. – [Budapest]. – Bd. 2008,2, S. 14-25. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

Rules for the global environment / Horst Siebert.
The paper looks at the global environment as a public good and as a sink for CO2-emissions. It discusses problems to be solved in institutional arrangements to protect global environmental media and looks at criteria for allocating the costs of emission reduction and emission rights. It analyzes institutional mechanisms that stabilize CO2-agreements and reviews the Kyoto Protocol, the perspectives for its successor and EU emission trading. The paper also reviews arrangements for biodiversity and existing multilateral arrangements. — Public good ; global warming ; emission reduction ; emission rights ; institutional Mechanisms ; Kyoto Protocol ; post-Bali negotiations ; EU emission trading ; fauna and flora ; existing multilateral arrangements

Will there be value for Kyoto units in a post-Kyoto regime? / Pablo del Río.

Szenarien einer zukünftigen Klimapolitik und Elemente eines effektien Klimaregimes nach 2012 / Von Hermann E. Ott.

Ansätze für eine internationale Klimapolitik nach 2012 : ein Vergleich / Von Niklas Höhne.

Kyoto II and “Houston Protocol” : on the future of international climate policy / Udo E. Simonis.

  • (2007) Discussion papers / Beim Präsidenten, Emeriti Projekte, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung ; 2007-004 prüfen & bestellen 39, 16 S.

A survey of Kyoto tools for greenhouse gas reductions : speculations on post-Kyoto scenarios / José Romero and Karine Siegwart.

  • (2009) In: International trade regulation and the mitigation of climate change. – Cambridge. – 2009, S. 13-20. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

Emissions trading beyond Europe : linking schemes in a post-Kyoto world / Niels Anger.
This paper assesses the economic impacts of linking the EU Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) to emerging schemes beyond Europe, in the presence of a post-Kyoto agreement in 2020. Simulations with a numerical multi-country model of the world carbon market show that linking the European ETS induces only marginal economic benefits: As trading is restricted to energy-intensive industries that are assigned generous initial emissions, the major compliance burden is carried by non-trading industries excluded from the linked ETS. In the presence of parallel government trading under a post-Kyoto Protocol, excluded sectors can however be substantially compensated by international trading at the country level, thus increasing the political attractiveness of the linking process. From an efficiency perspective, a desirable future climate policy regime represents a joint trading system that enables international emission trading between ETS companies and governments. While the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) cannot alleviate the inefficiencies of linked ETS, in a parallel or joint trading regime the access to abatement options of developing countries induces large additional cost savings. Restricting CDM access via a supplementarity criterion does not significantly decrease the economic benefits from project-based emission crediting.

The Bali road map : the first step on the difficult journey to a post-Kyoto Protocol agreement / Raymond Clémençon.

  • (2008) In: The journal of environment & development. – Thousand Oaks, Calif.. – Bd. 17.2008, 1, (Mar.2008) S. 70-94. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

The European Union’s potential for strategic emissions trading through minimal permit sale contracts / Johan Eyckmans ; Cathrine Hagem.
Strategic market behavior by permit sellers will harm the European Union as the EU as a whole is expected to become a large net buyer of permits in a follow-up agreement to the Kyoto Protocol. In this paper we explore how the EU could benefit from making permit trade agreements with non-EU countries. These trade agreements involve a minimum permit sales requirement complemented by a financial transfer from the EU to the other contract party. Such agreements enable the EU to act strategically in the permit market on behalf of its member states, although each member state is assumed to behave as a price taker in the permit market. Using a stylized numerical simulation model we show that an appropriately designed permit trade agreement between the EU and China can cut EU’s total compliance cost significantly. This result is robust for a wide range of parameterizations of the simulation model. — emissions permit ; post-Kyoto climate agreement ; strategic permit trade

  • (2009) CESifo working paper ; 2809 : Energy and Climate Economics PDF-Volltext prüfen & bestellen Online-Ressource ( 32 S.).
  • (Febr. 2008) Discussion papers / Statistics Norway, Research Department ; 530 PDF-Volltext prüfen & bestellen Online-Ressource, 29 S., Text.

Kopenhagen, Climate-Gate und die Amerikaner / von Claudia Kemfert.

  • (2009) In: Wochenbericht. – Berlin. – Bd. 76.2009, 51/52, (16.Dez.2009) S. 902.  prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

Von Kyoto nach Kopenhagen : dem wichtigsten Meilenstein für den globalen Klimaschutz / Claudia Kemfert.

  • (2009) In: Wochenbericht. – Berlin. – Bd. 76.2009, 49, (2.Dez.2009) S. 848, 850-854. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

Klimaschäden und Klimaverhandlungen / David Anthoff, Janina Ketterer, Jana Lippelt.
Anfang Dezember, bei dem Weltklimagipfel in Kopenhagen, wird das Startsignal zu einer wichtigen Verhandlungsrunde im Kampf gegen den Klimawandel gegeben. Doch die Chancen, in Kopenhagen ein neues Klimaprotokoll und somit einen erfolgreichen Ausgang zu erzielen, sind in den vergangenen Monaten dramatisch gesunken. Vielerlei Gründe erschweren eine Einigung, darunter die ungleiche Verteilung historischer und zukünftiger CO2-Emissionen in Industrie- und Schwellenländern und die weltweit ungleiche Verteilung der prognostizierten Schäden durch den Klimawandel. Insbesondere arme Regionen werden einen hohen Schaden zu verkraften haben. Aber auch Wachstumsregionen wie China und Indien werden im Jahr 2100 einen beträchtlichen Anteil ihres Bruttoinlandsprodukts durch Klimawandelschäden verlieren.

  • (2009) In: Ifo-Schnelldienst. – München. – Bd. 62.2009, 22, (26.Nov.2009) S. 52-54. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

Weltklimagipfel in Kopenhagen : notwendige Eckpfeiler für eine neue Architektur / Ottmar Edenhofer; Brigitte Knopf; Gunnar Luderer.

  • (2009) In: Ifo-Schnelldienst. – München. – Bd. 62.2009, 19, (14.Okt.2009) S. 6-10. prüfen & bestellen Google-Scolar Scirus - Elsevier

The road to Copenhagen : what agreement can actually be effective and stable? / Carlo Carraro.

Transport in developing countries and climate policy : suggestions for a Copenhagen agreement and beyond / Daniel Bongardt; Frederic Rudolph; Wolfgang Sterk.

Suggestions for the road to Copenhagen / Larry Karp; Jinhua Zhao.

Bringing the Copenhagen global climate change negotiations to conclusion / John Whalley and Sean Walsh.
In this paper we discuss the global negotiations now underway and aimed at achieving new climate change mitigation and other arrangements after 2012 (the end of the Kyoto commitment period). These were initiated in Bali in December 2007 and are scheduled to conclude by the end of 2009 in Copenhagen. As such, this negotiation is effectively the second round in ongoing global negotiations on climate change and further rounds will almost certainly follow. We highlight both the vast scope and vagueness of the negotiating mandate, the many outstanding major issues to be accommodated between negotiating parties, the lack of a mechanism to force collective decision making in the negotiation, and their short time frame. The likely lack of compliance with prior Kyoto commitments by several OECD countries (some to a major degree), the effective absence in Kyoto of compliance/enforcement mechanisms, and growing linkage to non-climate change areas (principally trade) all further complicate the task of bringing the negotiation to conclusion. The major clearage we see that needs to be bridged in the negotiations is between OECD countries on the one hand, and lower wage, large population, rapidly growing countries (China, India, Russia, Brazil) on the other. — Climate change ; global negotiation

Legal aspects of carbon trading : Kyoto, Copenhagen and beyond / ed. by David Freestone ….

Wesentliches Schlagwort: Emissionshandel Gabler-Wirtschaftslexikon EyePlorer GVK - Gemeinsamer Verbundkatalog Google-News Bing-Video (englisch) Standard-Thesaurus Wirtschaft

Wesentliches Schlagwort: Internationale Umweltpolitik EyePlorer GVK - Gemeinsamer Verbundkatalog Google-News Bing-Video (englisch) Standard-Thesaurus Wirtschaft

Wesentliches Schlagwort: Klimaschutz EyePlorer GVK - Gemeinsamer Verbundkatalog Google-News Bing-Video (englisch) Standard-Thesaurus Wirtschaft

Wesentliches Schlagwort: Klimaveränderung EyePlorer GVK - Gemeinsamer Verbundkatalog Google-News Bing-Video (englisch) Standard-Thesaurus Wirtschaft

Wesentliches Schlagwort: Umweltabkommen EyePlorer GVK - Gemeinsamer Verbundkatalog Google-News Bing-Video (englisch) Standard-Thesaurus Wirtschaft

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